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SCOTUS to hear LGBT employment discrimination cases October 8

Discrimination

This morning the Supreme Court announced that they’ll hear three cases on employment discrimination against LGBT people on October 8.

Two involve discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and are consolidated for one hour of oral argument. One involves discrimination on the basis of transgender status and will be argued separately on the same day. The transgender discrimination case also asks whether discriminating against transgender people involves unlawful “sex stereotyping.” The ban on discrimination “because of… sex” is in Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

Updated to correct an error

45 Comments Leave a Comment

  • 1. ianbirmingham  |  July 1, 2019 at 1:37 pm

    North Macedonia's Capital Holds First Gay Pride Parade

    SKOPJE, North Macedonia — Hundreds of people have marched through Skopje as the Macedonian capital hosted its first gay pride parade

    Police estimated that nearly 1,000 people participated in the June 29 event, with the crowd carrying a large rainbow banner, blowing whistles and cheering and dancing to music playing from a truck with loudspeakers.

    "All of us are fighting for the same cause, and all of the Balkans: it's for equality," said Marko Mihailovic, one of the parade's organizers. "We're still far from it, but this is a huge step forward."

    "We want to send a message that we are here, that we are going to fight for our rights no matter what," said one participant who gave only her first name, Maria. "And the whole Balkans is gathering together here, to fight for equality everywhere."

    No violence or similar incidents were reported.

    A smaller demonstration was held a few blocks away that included several hundred people and some Orthodox Christian priests attending a church prayer and then marching through Skopje's streets playing drums and carrying banners that read "For The Family."

    Macedonian society is relatively conservative, though attitudes toward gays, lesbians, bisexual, and transgender people have eased somewhat in recent years.

    https://www.rferl.org/a/north-macedonian-capital-

  • 2. VIRick  |  July 1, 2019 at 9:18 pm

    Hidalgo: Second Same-Sex Marriage Since Legalization

    Today, 1 July 2019, a marriage between two men took place in the municipality of Mineral de la Reforma. It has a population of 90,000, mostly suburban, and is situated directly adjacent to the state capital, Pachuca.

    The first same-sex marriage in Hidalgo after legalization took place in Tulancingo, the second-largest city in the state, on 17 June 2019.
    http://laverdadhidalgo.com.mx/wp/2019/07/01/reali

    This is also the first-ever same-sex marriage to have taken place in Mineral de la Reforma, with or without amparo (in this instance, without), as was the recent marriage in Tulancingo. Today's happy couple are Adán Erik Cruz Valencia y Amando Morales Jerónimo. The Civil Registry official who presided over the marriage ceremony was Esther Pardo De la Cruz.
    https://hidalgo.quadratin.com.mx/municipios/celeb

  • 3. VIRick  |  July 1, 2019 at 10:04 pm

    Tlaxcala: Same-Sex Marriage Up-Date

    Pese a esos antecedentes, en enero del 2016 de forma privada y en las instalaciones de la Comisión de Derechos Humanos (CEDH) se concretó lo que, a la vez, significó el primer matrimonio igualitario en Tlaxcala. Ese matrimonio se concretó después de que una pareja de mujeres obtuvieron un amparo por la justicia federal, después de que la Coordinación del Registro Civil les negó la petición de unión matrimonial.

    En tanto, un año después, se realizó el mismo procedimiento en la CEDH, pero concretado por dos hombres que también consiguieron un amparo de la justicia federal para poder contraer nupcias, y quienes permitieron la asistencia de medios para dar cobertura a un hecho inédito en la entidad.
    https://tlaxcala.sintesis.mx/2019/07/01/tlaxcala-

    In spite of this background, in January 2016, in private and within the facilities of the CEDH, the first equal marriage in Tlaxcala took place. That marriage was finalized after a female couple obtained an amparo from the federal court, after the Civil Registry Coordinator denied them their petition for marriage.

    Meanwhile, a year later, the same procedure was carried out in the CEDH, but was undertaken by two men who also obtained an amparo from the federal court system so as to be able to marry, and who allowed the CEDH assistance as a means to cover an unpublished event in the state.

    So, two amparos and two same-sex marriages (both anonymous). As for legislation:

    El antecedente más cercano en torno al tema data de octubre de 2018, cuando fue presentada ante el Pleno del Legislativo estatal, una iniciativa que pretende legalizar a nivel estatal el matrimonio entre personas del mismo sexo.
    https://tlaxcala.sintesis.mx/2019/07/01/tlaxcala-

    The closest precedent around the issue dates from October 2018, when an initiative was presented before the full Tlaxcala Congress seeking to legalize marriage between people of the same sex within the state.

    To date, nothing much has happened to that legislation since it was presented. We must continue reminding these state congresses of the Supreme Court's jurisprudence:

    "La ley de cualquier entidad federativa que considere al matrimonio como finalidad para procrear y/o qué debe celebrarse entre un hombre y una mujer, es inconstitucional."

    "The law of any federal entity that considers marriage solely for the purpose of procreation and/or that it must be celebrated between a man and a woman, is unconstitutional."

  • 4. VIRick  |  July 2, 2019 at 4:12 pm

    Ecuador: La Virgen del Orgullo

    The now-iconic imagery of the statuesque "La Virgen del Orgullo," masterfully designed and costumed by Mario Suárez, and featured in the Pride March in Guayaquil on Saturday, 29 June 2019, is still reverberating with solid, positive force throughout Latin America.

    According to its designer:

    "La Virgen representa a la mujer que tiene hijos que son rechazados. Y dice: estos son mis hijos y yo los amo como son.”
    https://www.eltelegrafo.com.ec/noticias/cultura/1

    "The Virgin represents the woman who has children who are rejected. And she says: these are my children and I love them as they are."

    Here's another photo of "La Virgen del Orgullo," taken from a different angle from what was previously illustrated:
    https://www.eltelegrafo.com.ec/noticias/cultura/1

  • 5. VIRick  |  July 2, 2019 at 4:52 pm

    Baja California Sur: First Same-Sex Marriage after Legalization; First-Ever for Comondú

    Comondú: Sede de la Primera Boda entre Hombres

    Ciudad Constitución, Baja California Sur – En un hecho sin precedentes en la historia de Baja California Sur, la cabecera municipal de Comondú, se convertirá a finales de julio próximo en el punto donde se habrá de celebrar la primera boda entre personas del mismo sexo.

    Lo anterior se dio a conocer en pleno festejo con motivo de la coronación del certamen, "Nuestra Belleza Gay 2019," celebrada en el municipio gobernado por el morenista José Walter Valenzuela Acosta, en Ciudad Constitución, evento en donde el rey saliente, identificado con el alias de Karely Sánchez, entregó la corona y el cetro a su sucesor de sexo masculino, anunciando su enlace nupcial, programado para finales de julio.
    https://metropolimx.com/noticia/insolito/2044

    Comondú: Seat of the First Marriage between Men

    Ciudad Constitución, Baja California Sur – In an unprecedented event in the history of Baja California Sur, at the end of July, the municipal seat of Comondú will become the location where the first marriage of a same-sex couple will be celebrated.

    The above was announced in full celebration during the coronation at the contest, "Nuestra Belleza Gay 2019," held in the town of Ciudad Constitución, governed by José Walter Valenzuela Acosta, Morena, an event in which the outgoing king, identified by the alias, Karely Sánchez, gave the crown and the scepter to his male successor, and then announced his marriage, scheduled for the end of July.

    This will be a big, splashy affair, as all the BCS deputies who voted in favor of marriage equality, among other dignitaries, have been invited to attend the ceremonies.

    Note: The municipality of Comondú covers a huge swath of the state on the Pacific side of the peninsula, north of La Paz. Its principal city is Ciudad Constitución.

  • 6. VIRick  |  July 2, 2019 at 8:06 pm

    Yucatán Congress to Try Again on Passing Marriage Equality

    Per Antonio Arciniega:

    Antes del 15 de julio 2019, el Congreso del Estado de Yucatán retomará la iniciativa de reforma a la Constitución del estado, que permita el matrimonio igualitario.
    https://twitter.com/rciniega1

    Before 15 July 2019, the Congress of the State of Yucatán will resume the initiative to reform the State Constitution to allow for marriage equality.

    Antes de que concluya el tercer periodo legislativo – 15 de julio – la comisión de Puntos Constitucionales y Gobernación retomaría la iniciativa de ley que reforma la Constitución del estado para permitir que dos personas de mismo sexo puedan contraer nupcias, señaló la presidente de ese organismo, Karla Franco Blanco.
    https://www.lajornadamaya.mx/2019-07-02/Matrimoni

    Before the end of the third legislative period – 15 July – the committee on Constitutional Points and Government will take up the initiative of law that reforms the Constitution of the state so as to allow same-sex couples to marry, said the president of that body, Karla Franco Blanco.

  • 7. VIRick  |  July 3, 2019 at 11:39 am

    Edomex: Marriage Equality Bill Being Discussed by Full Congress at This Hour

    Per Omar Ortega Álvarez, PRD:‏

    Nos encontramos ya en reunión de trabajo analizando las tres distintas iniciativas en el Congreso Estatal que plantean el reconocimiento del matrimonio igualitario en el Edomex. Estoy con mi compañera, la diputada Ara Casasola S., PRD, defendiendo el derecho al matrimonio y el interés superior de la niñez.

    Felicito la voluntad política de las comisiones legislativas para avanzar en el reconocimiento y garantía de los derechos humanos, y así aprobar el matrimonio igualitario. Urge cristalizar esta propuesta y no retrasar su discusión en el pleno.
    https://twitter.com/Omar_Ortega_A

    We are already in a working meeting analyzing the three different initiatives in the State Congress that allow for the recognition of marriage equality in Edomex. I am with my partner, the deputy Ara Casasola S., PRD, defending the right to marriage and the best interests of children.

    I congratulate the political will of the legislative commissions to advance in the recognition and guarantee of human rights, and thus approve marriage equality. It is urgent to crystallize this proposal and not delay its discussion in the full congress.

    Previously, when PRD presented its proposal to allow for marriage equality and to give same-sex coules the right to adopt, the Morena, PRI, and PAN deputies boycotted that session of the full congress. As a result, at that time, they never did vote on any proposal at all. Now, there are 3 proposals, as put forth by PRD, Morena, and PT, respectively.

  • 8. VIRick  |  July 3, 2019 at 12:55 pm

    Estonia: Supreme Court Clarifies 21 June 2019 Ruling on Same-Sex Couples' Residency Rights

    Per LGBT Marriage News:

    Note: Before reading too much into this account (or misunderstanding its intent), realize that Martin Helme, the Finance Minister, is a rabidly anti-LGBT, retrograde right-winger, and has loudly attempted to conflate a previous court ruling into a major same-sex marriage issue for his own narrow, reactionary political gain. The Supreme Court has just publicly slapped him down:

    On 3 July 2019, the Estonian Supreme Court said that its 21 June 2019 decision regarding the Aliens Act 2009 does not facilitate same-sex marriage, contrary to claims made by finance minister Martin Helme (EKRE). The court however stressed that the act contained a section which was unconstitutional, in failing to provide adequate rights to such couples, agreeing with an earlier Circuit Court decision. This section has now been repealed.

    The Supreme Court stated that its decision did not concern same-sex marriage, meaning Helme's statement, made to the daily "Postimees," that the decision on the act meant same-sex partners also have access to legal marriage in Estonia, was erroneous and misleading. The court deemed unconstitutional and invalid a section in the Aliens Act which rules out granting a temporary residence permit to an Estonian citizen's registered same-sex partner. In this, it concurred with an earlier ruling by the second-tier Circuit Court.

    Based on the principles of human dignity and equal treatment in the constitution, the Supreme Court found that the fundamental right to family life also covers the rights of same-sex partners, married or otherwise, to live as a family in Estonia, but does not facilitate same-sex marriage in Estonia itself. The court said it focused on registered life partners in the light of the Registered Partnership Act 2014, recognizing the right of same-sex couples, as well as opposite-sex couples, to enter into a registered partnership contract (as opposed to a marriage). There are no references to gender in the Registered Partnership Act, as §1 (1) and (2) of the 2014 act states that two "natural persons," adults of legal capacity, at least one of whom has Estonian residence, may enter into a registered partnership contract.

    Regarding the validity of same-sex marriages conducted in another country, within Estonia, the court said that its 21 June 2019 decision was not related to this either. That said, it noted that in such cases, a temporary right of residence for the same-sex marriage partner of an EU citizen would apply, under the same right of residence that applies to any other family member of an EU citizen. In other words, a temporary right of residence could be extended to a same-sex marriage partner in such instances, but this did not change anything regarding the status of said marriage in Estonia.
    https://news.err.ee/958004/supreme-court-refutes-

  • 9. ianbirmingham  |  July 3, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    'If Not Now, When?' LGBT Movement Gains Momentum In Kyrgyzstan

    This spring, a march in Bishkek marked International Women's Day by calling for equality for all — including LGBT people. Members of the LGBT community say it marked a turning point in the fight for equal rights in Kyrgyzstan, but they describe ongoing battles with harassment, threats, and job discrimination.

    https://www.rferl.org/a/kyrgyzstan-lgbt-rights/30

  • 10. VIRick  |  July 3, 2019 at 6:24 pm

    They Will Approve Marriage Equality in the Edomex Congress

    Aprobarán Matrimonios Igualitarios en el Congreso de Edomex

    No hay consensos en adopciones, pero la ley ya permite adoptar sin importar orientación sexual.

    There is no consensus on adoptions, but the law already allows adoption regardless of sexual orientation. (It also already allows single people to adopt, as well.)
    https://www.elsoldetoluca.com.mx/local/aprobaran-

    The discussion has now degenerated into a debate as to who is more pro-marriage equality than the others. PRD and PT still want a provision in law specifically allowing LGBT couples to adopt. Morena states that that is not necessary, as the current adoption law is broad enough to accommodate. None of the 3 parties holding the absolute majority in the congress disagree over marriage equality. It will pass, if they can ever quit talking and finally get around to voting on it, with or without the add-on adoption provision, as these 3 parties, together, hold 49 of the 75 seats in congress. PAN (7), PRI (12), PES (5), and Verde (2) have little to say, but will be out-voted, although some PRI deputies also seem to be in favor.

    Tras varias horas de análisis, el 3 de julio 2019, los diferentes grupos parlamentarios de la Legislatura Mexiquense acordaron dictaminar la aprobación del matrimonio igualitario. Las Comisiones Unidas de Gobernación y Puntos Constitucionales y de Procuración y Administración de Justicia acordaron elaborar un dictamen que integre las tres iniciativas que presentaron por separado los grupos parlamentarios.
    http://tlatoani.info/2019/07/avanza-en-comisiones

    After many hours of analysis, on 3 July 2019, the different parliamentary groups of the Mexiquense Legislature agreed to a single draft on the approval of equal marriage. The United Committees of Governance and Constitutional Points and of the Procurement and Administration of Justice agreed to draft said opinion that integrates the three initiatives presented separately by the parliamentary groups.

  • 11. VIRick  |  July 3, 2019 at 7:44 pm

    Veracruz: The Draft Bill on Marriage Equality Is Ready

    Veracruz: Listo el Dictamen para Matrimonios Igualitarios

    Este jueves, el 4 de julio 2019, de aprobarse, el dictamen sobre matrimonios entre personas del mismo sexo, Veracruz se convertiría en el estado número 20 en aprobar la ley que permitirá a personas del mismo sexo contraigan matrimonio y adquieran derechos y responsabilidades.
    https://www.semmexico.mx/?p=9335&fbclid=IwAR0

    This Thursday, 4 July 2019, if the draft bill on same-sex marriages is approved, Veracruz would become the 20th state (jurisdiction) to approve the law to allow same-sex couples to marry and acquire rights and responsibilities.

  • 12. FredDorner  |  July 3, 2019 at 7:54 pm

    Kyrgyzstan is the top of my list for a violent reaction comparable to what happened in the Republic of Georgia a few years ago. While the Russian Orthodox are a minority in Kyrgyzstan they're insanely homophobic, and I don't see the rather corrupt Muslim-dominant government intervening to stop any anti-LGBT violence.

  • 13. VIRick  |  July 3, 2019 at 9:08 pm

    Wikipedia Has Added a New Marriage Equality Map of Mexico

    The new Wikipedia map of Mexico, sub-divided into 6 categories, accurately showing every current state-by-state permutation on the subject of marriage equality, is now available for viewing and studying here:
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Same-sex_marriage_i

    It is extremely complicated, but 100% accurate, right down to the last detail. Thank you, one and all.

    Needless to say, this map is subject to change, and as we move closer to the "home stretch," more changes could be forthcoming in fairly rapid succession. The Veracruz congress votes tomorrow. Edomex will be voting quite soon. Yucatán plans to re-vote. And that's just from today's news. Meanwhile, Zacatecas, Tabasco, Oaxaca, Guerrero, and Sonora are all in process with their enabling legislation, and most should be ready for a vote by the September/October time-frame.

  • 14. allan120102  |  July 3, 2019 at 11:21 pm

    I believe the only problem I see is Chiapas. I believe after the supreme court ruling they modify their civil code in November 2017.

  • 15. VIRick  |  July 4, 2019 at 1:20 pm

    Veracruz: No Vote Today in State Congress

    La integrante del Observatorio Nacional contra los Crímenes de Odio, Jazz Bustamante Hernández, informó que procederán legalmente contra José Manuel Pozos Castro, Morena, presidente del Congreso Estatal, y Juan Javier Gómez Cazarín, Morena, presidente de la Junta de Coordinación Política (Jucopo), por la negativa para agenda el dictamen de reforma al Código Civil para permitir el matrimonio igualitario en Veracruz.
    http://www.portafolioveracruz.com/vernota.php?id=

    The member of the National Observatory Against Hate Crimes, Jazz Bustamante Hernández, informed that they will proceed legally against José Manuel Pozos Castro, Morena, president of the State Congress, and Juan Javier Gómez Cazarín, Morena, president of the Political Coordination Board (Jucopo), for their refusal to schedule the draft bill of the reform to the Civil Code allowing marriage equality in Veracruz.

    The first is the representative from Tuxpan, an ex-priista and a known homophobe and misogynist, while the second is the representative from San Andrés Tuxtla.

    Per Sebastian Kim:

    Por segunda semana consecutiva, la Legislatura de Veracruz no sacó a votación el dictamen para el matrimonio igualitario.
    https://twitter.com/kimsebastian_

    For the second consecutive week, the Legislature of Veracruz did not vote on the draft bill for marriage equality.

    El presidente de la Jucopo de la Legislatura de Veracruz, Juan Javier Gómez Cazarín, aseveró que el dictamen que modifica el Código Civil para permitir el matrimonio igualitario, aún se encuentra en análisis.
    https://twitter.com/SinMurosMx

    The president of Jucopo of the Legislature of Veracruz, Juan Javier Gómez Cazarín, said that the draft bill that modifies the Civil Code to allow same-sex marriage is still under analysis.

    I am not at all certain as to what more needs "analysis." This draft bill was first presented to the Veracruz Congress in its present form in 2016 by Mónica Robles, Morena, and has already been passed and approved by the committees. It only needs a final vote.

  • 16. VIRick  |  July 4, 2019 at 5:17 pm

    Veracruz: Morena Caucus in Favor of Marriage Equality: Gómez Cazarín

    Veracruz: Bancada de Morena a Favor del Matrimonio Igualitario: Gómez Cazarín

    El presidente de la Junta de Coordinación Política (Jucopo) en el Congreso del Estado, Juan Javier Gómez Cazarín, rechazó que la bancada del Morena esté en contra de la aprobación del matrimonio igualitario. Entrevistado la mañana de este jueves, el 4 de julio 2019, previo a la sesión del pleno, dijo que incluso está haciendo una encuesta en su distrito sobre el tema, en donde la opinión de los ciudadanos es a favor.

    Luego que la propuesta de iniciativa al Código Civil para aprobar el matrimonio igualitario se regresara a comisiones por segunda ocasión, el legislador expresó que se tuvo que hacer lo anterior debido a que había que realizarse unas “adecuaciones técnicas.”
    http://www.sinfiltronoticias.mx/index.php/congres

    The president of the Political Coordination Board (Jucopo) in the State Congress, Juan Javier Gómez Cazarín, rejected (the idea) that the Morena caucus is against the approval of marriage equality. Interviewed this Thursday, 4 July 2019, before the plenary session, he said that he is even doing a survey in his district on the subject, where the opinion of the citizens is in favor.

    After the proposed initiative to the Civil Code approving equal marriage was returned to the committees for the second time, the legislator expressed that that had to be done owing to the fact that it needed some "technical adjustments."

    Note: Had I never left Veracruz when I did, this "clown," today, would be my representative, whereas Mónica Robles, Morena, the sponsor of the bill, represents near-by Coatzacoalcos.

  • 17. VIRick  |  July 4, 2019 at 6:21 pm

    Edomex: Marriage Equality Up-Date

    El 4 de julio 2019, María Mercedes Colín Guadarrama, PRI, presidenta de la Comisión de Gobernación, dijo a los medios presentes luego de la reunión que ya hay más disposición de aprobar el tema. Asimismo, la diputada agregó que el dictamen del matrimonio igualitario podría estar listo en las próximas dos sesiones de trabajo.
    http://cronicadexalapa.com/avanza-matrimonio-igua

    On 4 July 2019, María Mercedes Colín Guadarrama, PRI, president of the Committee on Governance, told the media present after the meeting that there is more willingness to approve the issue. Also, the deputy added that the draft bill on equal marriage could be ready within the next two working sessions.

  • 18. VIRick  |  July 4, 2019 at 7:04 pm

    Puebla: Marriage Equality Bill Presented in Congress

    Puebla: Presentan Iniciativa para Reconocer los Matrimonios Igualitarios

    Marcelo García Almaguer, diputado estatal sin partido (Fuerza Independiente), presentó un proyecto de reformas al Código Civil que no sólo daría paso al matrimonio igualitario en Puebla (por ley), sino también reconocería su derecho de adoptar.

    Este miércoles, el 3 de julio 2019, el legislador ex-panista presentó una propuesta para modificar 19 artículos del Código Civil, entre ellos el Artículo 294, el cual hasta este día considera al matrimonio un “contrato por el cual un solo hombre y una sola mujer se unen en sociedad para perpetuar la especie y ayudarse en la lucha por la existencia." El legislador propone cambiar la redacción por la de “la unión libre de dos personas para realizar la comunidad de vida, en donde ambos se procuran respeto, igualdad, y ayuda mutua.”
    http://periodismohoy.com/iniciativa-matrimonios-i

    Marcelo García Almaguer, state deputy without party (Fuerza Independiente), presented a draft of reforms to the Civil Code that would not only give way to marriage equality in Puebla (by law), but also recognize their right to adopt.

    This Wednesday, 3 July 2019, the ex-PAN legislator presented a proposal to modify 19 articles of the Civil Code, including Article 294, which to this day considers marriage a "contract by which a single man and a single woman join in partnership to perpetuate the species and help in the struggle for existence." The legislator proposes to change the wording to that of "the free union of two people to realize the community of life, where both seek respect, equality, and mutual help."

  • 19. VIRick  |  July 4, 2019 at 8:43 pm

    Missouri: Federal Judge Rules against Lesbians Rejected from Retirement Home

    On 3 July 2019, a federal judge ruled against a lesbian couple who sued a Missouri retirement home for rejecting their apartment application because their marriage is not "understood in the Bible.” Bev Nance, 68, and Mary Walsh, 72, were married a decade ago in Massachusetts and have been in a committed relationship for roughly 40 years.

    When they applied to move into the Friendship Village senior living facility, they did so “because it is in their community, they have friends there, and it offers services that would allow them to stay together there for the rest of their lives,” said Julie Wilensky, an attorney representing the couple. But once Friendship Village staff found that Nance and Walsh are married, they told the couple that they were not allowed to move in, because the home did not condone homosexuality. The letter they received said that the only married couples they accepted were those in unions between "one man and one woman."

    The couple sued, alleging “discrimination on the basis of sex.” And the federal judge in Missouri, Jean C. Hamilton, ruled that "sexual orientation, rather than sex, lies at the heart of the Plaintiffs' claims.”

    LGBTQ groups decried the outcome, and the couple’s lawyers said “we disagree with the court’s decision, and our clients are considering next steps.”
    https://www.nbcnews.com/feature/nbc-out/judge-rul

  • 20. VIRick  |  July 4, 2019 at 10:10 pm

    Allan, with regard to Chiapas, this is what I found, and my question is this: Way at the end of the article, to what does "article nine, section twelve" refer? Is this in reference to a change in their Civil Code? If so, then you are correct. And 30 October 2017 appears to be the date when this new Civil Code provision took effect statewide, news of which became general public information on 3 November 2017.

    "De acuerdo al artículo nueve, fracción doce, todas las personas en Chiapas del mismo sexo podrán contraer matrimonio sin fuerza de meter un amparo." (According to article nine, section twelve, all same-sex couples in Chiapas may marry without the need to file an amparo.)

    Chiapas: Same-Sex Marriages Are Now Legal Throughout Chiapas

    Chiapas: Ya Son Legales las Bodas entre Personas del Mismo Sexo en Todo Chiapas

    Tuxtla Gutiérrez, 3 de noviembre 2017:

    Desde el día 30 de octubre 2017 en Chiapas ya son legales las bodas entre personas del mismo sexo sin que se necesite de un amparo, confirmó la oficial del registro civil, Guadalupe Ramírez, oficial del registro civil número uno en San Cristóbal de las Casas,

    “Efectivamente a partir de este 30 de octubre 2017, podemos realizar personas de ambos sexos, no solo en san Cristóbal si no en todo Chiapas, ya sin un amparo, totalmente podemos darle la información y a su vez realizar las bodas de estos matrimonios. Los requisitos son los mismos de matrimonios heterosexuales: actas de nacimiento IFE, y sus 4 testigos.”

    Carlos Díaz y Jorge Iván García González se convirtieron en la primer pareja gay en celebrar la primera boda en San Cristóbal de Las Casas (sin amparo) el cual fue el parteaguas para que a partir de este 30 octubre en todo Chiapas ya sea oficial. De acuerdo al artículo nueve, fracción doce, todas las personas en Chiapas del mismo sexo podrán contraer matrimonio sin fuerza de meter un amparo. https://meganoticias.mx/tuxtla-gutierrez/noticias….

    In Chiapas, from 30 October 2017, marriages between same-sex couples became legal without the need of an amparo, confirmed the official of the civil registry, Guadalupe Ramírez, officer of registry number one in San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas.

    "Effectively from 30 October 2017, we can permit same-sex couples of both sexes, not only in San Cristóbal but in all of Chiapas, through providing them the information and then in turn perform the weddings of these marriages, now without an amparo. The requirements are the same as for heterosexual marriages: IFE birth certificates, and their 4 witnesses."

    Carlos Díaz and Jorge Iván García González became the first gay couple to celebrate the first marriage in San Cristóbal de Las Casas (without amparo) which was the breakthrough, so that from 30 October 2017 throughout Chiapas the change has become official. According to article nine, section twelve, all same-sex couples in Chiapas may marry without the need to file an amparo.

  • 21. VIRick  |  July 5, 2019 at 12:25 pm

    Veracruz: The Real Problem with a Premature Vote on Marriage Equality

    Morena no reúne votos suficientes para aprobar la modificación, pues de los 29 diputados que integran la mayoría, hay un bloque de ocho que están en contra. Así, ese partido no reúne el mínimo de 26 votos que requiere para adecuar la Ley del Registro Civil.
    https://www.jornada.com.mx/2019/07/05/estados/025

    Morena does not have enough votes to approve the modification, because of the 29 deputies that make up the majority coalition, there is a block of eight who are against. Thus, that party does not meet the minimum of 26 votes required to approve the Civil Registry Law.

    Although this count indicates that only 21 deputies of the majority coalition are in favor, my own deputy count, which includes both the coalition members and their allies, shows slightly different numbers, with most of the 34, in combination (but minus the 8 un-named renegades, for an actual total of the minimum 26) in favor, as follows:

    Total of 26 in favor:
    16 Morena
    05 PT
    02 PRD
    02 MC
    01 PRI

    These 22 are against:
    03 Morena (in majority coalition, but against)
    05 PES (in majority coalition, but against)
    13 PAN
    01 PRI

    These 2 are uncertain/unknown, but likely against:
    01 PRI
    01 Verde
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Mexican_sta

    The "La Jornada" article further notes that if any Morena deputy in Veracruz were to actually vote against the marriage equality measure, they would be summarily expelled from the party, just as was already done in Campeche, Nayarit, and Nuevo León, and which is now in process against those in Sinaloa, plus the PRD deputy in BCS.

  • 22. allan120102  |  July 5, 2019 at 11:20 pm

    Ughhh and I thought the case in botswana was done. https://www.enca.com/news/botswana-govt-appeal-co

  • 23. VIRick  |  July 6, 2019 at 10:30 pm

    Botswana Government to Appeal Court Ruling Scrapping Anti-Gay Laws

    Botswana's government will appeal a June high court ruling that decriminalized homosexuality, the Attorney-General said on Friday, 5 July 2019. Abraham Keetshabe, the government's chief legal advisor, said he would take the case to the Court of Appeals after reading the 132-page ruling of the High Court, which he said had "erred in arriving at (its) conclusion."

    Under Botswana's 1965 penal code, homosexuality is punishable by a jail term of up to seven years. But High Court judge, Michael Elburu, ordered the laws be amended in an 11 June ruling that was widely hailed. "We say the time has come that private, same-sex sexuality must be decriminalized," Elburu said. "It is a variety of human sexuality."
    https://www.enca.com/news/botswana-govt-appeal-co

    Per LGBT Marriage News:

    The Attorney-General, Abraham Keetshabe, said in a statement released late on Friday, 5 July 2019, that the High Court was mistaken in its conclusion in overturning the colonial-era law. “I am of the view that the High Court erred in arriving at this conclusion and thus, I have decided to note an appeal with the Court of Appeal,” said Keetshabe, without giving further details on the grounds for the appeal.

    In June, a panel of three judges ruled that sections of the penal code that ban gay sex are unconstitutional as they violate privacy, liberty, and dignity, are discriminatory, and serve no public interest. The case, which had been brought by a university student, Letsweletse Motshidiemang, argued the government should do away with the law in light of a changed society where homosexuality was more widely accepted.

    Botswana is the latest country in Africa to decriminalize same-sex relations, with Amnesty saying it follows Angola in January, the Seychelles in June 2016, Moçambique in June 2015, plus São Tomé e Principe and Lesotho, both in 2012.
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jul/06/bot

  • 24. Deeelaaach  |  July 7, 2019 at 5:39 am

    For those that want to read the ruling.
    https://www.stltoday.com/online/read-the-ruling-f

  • 25. ianbirmingham  |  July 7, 2019 at 9:05 am

    Anti-LGBT Christian Conservative Republican Lawmaker Resigns: Caught In Consensual Affair With Man

    A right-wing Ohio legislator who has touted his religious faith and family values has resigned after being caught in “inappropriate behavior” of a romantic or sexual nature with a man in his office.

    The incident happened a few weeks ago [in] Rep. Wes Goodman’s office and “involved a male in a consensual situation,” The Columbus Dispatch reports. Someone informed House Chief of Staff Mike Dittoe about the incident Tuesday, and House Speaker Cliff Rosenberger met with Goodman later in the day, according to the paper. Goodman then resigned late Tuesday.

    [Wes] Goodman, a Republican, was elected to represent the 87th District, in north-central Ohio, just last year. He promoted himself as a Christian conservative and said on his campaign website, “healthy, vibrant, thriving, values-driven families are the source of Ohio’s proud history,” according to the Dispatch.

    Before that, he was an aide to U.S. Rep. Jim Jordan, an ultraconservative, anti-LGBT Republican who has a string of zeroes on the Human Rights Campaign’s Congressional Scorecard and was named to the organization’s Hall of Shame in 2014 for, among other things, trying to block marriage equality in the District of Columbia.

    Rumors of Goodman’s “inappropriate behavior” had been circulating for years in Washington and Ohio.

    Goodman, 33, who is married to a woman, issued a statement of apology.

    https://www.advocate.com/politicians/2017/11/16/f

  • 26. FredDorner  |  July 7, 2019 at 10:42 am

    It's good that the court recognized that other federal circuits do understand that it is sex discrimination, but that he couldn't rule for the plaintiffs due to an adverse 8th circuit precedent. This is ripe for an en banc appeal to the 8th Circuit COA.

    The easiest way to understand this case is that it's sex-based discrimination in the exact same way that a prohibition on mixed-race couples is race-based discrimination.

  • 27. VIRick  |  July 7, 2019 at 12:18 pm

    Ian, this entire affair, and the subsequent resignation, is not new news. Per the dateline on the "Advocate" article itself, please note that said article was originally published on 16 November 2017, a date which even shows in the referenced link as 2017/11/16. I am not certain why it is being re-run now. He was elected to the 87th district in 2016, and served from 4 January 2017 until he resigned on 14 November 2017.

    Has there been some up-date, other than that his wife divorced him in 2018 because of his numerous, now-public same-sex affairs? The last I heard, Goodman crawled back under his rock, all sheepish and begging for "forgiveness," his political career in tatters, a truly pathetic case of self-loathing.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wes_Goodman

  • 28. VIRick  |  July 7, 2019 at 2:05 pm

    US House Votes to Defund Trump Transgender Military Ban

    During debate on a $1 trillion spending package, lawmakers voted 243-183 to adopt an amendment from Representative Jackie Speier (D-Calif.) to block funding to implement the new policy, which Democrats slammed as discriminatory and arbitrary. And since there are only 235 Democrats in the US House, that means at least 8 Republicans also voted against funding Trump’s trans troop ban.

    Democratic Representative Anthony Brown of Maryland said, “The president and his administration wrongfully argue that it’s about military readiness and unit cohesion, but these arguments are the same ones that were made to keep the military racially segregated.”
    https://www.lgbtqnation.com/2019/07/u-s-house-vot

  • 29. VIRick  |  July 7, 2019 at 2:10 pm

    Tunisia: Gay Politician, Mounir Baatour, Is Running for President

    A gay politician has announced he is running to become President of Tunisia, where homosexuality is still illegal. Mounir Baatour, the head of the country’s fringe Liberal Party and a well-known campaigner for LGBT rights, has announced he will contest the country’s Presidential elections on 10 November 2019.

    The move is a bold step in Tunisia, where gay sex is still illegal and LGBT people face routine discrimination and even forced anal probes. The 48-year-old lawyer, who has previously faced arrest himself, has led efforts to challenge the law via the Tunisian LGBT group, Association Shams.

    He said: “Tunisia needs a democratic program that can include the different identities, cultures, beliefs, and languages of this country. Our program aims to democratize power, strengthen the Parliament, and give more weight to local institutions.”

    Incumbent president Beji Caid Essebsi is not seeking re-election in November. However, Baatour faces a steep climb to ever gain power, with many in the country rejecting the prospect of a gay leader. If elected, though, he would be the first out leader anywhere in the Arab world.
    https://www.pinknews.co.uk/2019/07/07/mounir-baat

  • 30. bayareajohn  |  July 7, 2019 at 3:04 pm

    Resurfacing "news" isn't rare… what happens in many cases is that a repository is moved, and web search agents find them "again" and automatically post them in engines with the discovery date. Then lazy editors with quotas to fill grab them without diligent research. Then the feeding frenzy that is todays "news" networks see it and pass it on, usually in brief, losing context and dates. Dare I say FAKE….

  • 31. Elihu_Bystander  |  July 7, 2019 at 3:39 pm

    Don't forget that Trump also used the word "lethality" in addition to military readiness and unit cohesion. That was a further cruel direct insult to transgender troops, as if they would be less effective in combat.

  • 32. Elihu_Bystander  |  July 7, 2019 at 3:55 pm

    Unfortunately, the 8th circuit is even more conservative than the 5th circuit. They may a as well submit their intention to file an appeal as you suggest, but request a stay in the proceedings until SCOTUS decides the three employment discrimination cases.

    17-1618) BOSTOCK V. CLAYTON CTY., GA
    17-1623) ALTITUDE EXPRESS, INC. V. ZARDA

    18-107 R.G. & G.R. HARRIS FUNERAL HOMES, INC. V. EEOC

    But who knows what will happen in those cases. Regardless, that outcome will impact the ruling in the case sited here.

  • 33. VIRick  |  July 7, 2019 at 4:56 pm

    "The easiest way to understand this case is that it's sex-based discrimination in the exact same way that a prohibition on mixed-race couples is race-based discrimination."

    Yes, indeed, it is.

    The 3 cases presently before the US Supreme Court all involve employment discrimination. This one from Missouri, "Walsh v. Friendship Village," just decided, involves accommodation discrimination and provisions in the Fair Housing Act. Still, those employment discrimination cases, and their outcome, have direct bearing on the outcome of this case. Thus, "Walsh" should be appealed and stayed, pending the outcome in the employment discrimination cases.

    This is the Memorandum and Order in "Walsh v. Friendship Village," issued on 16 January 2019:
    https://bloximages.newyork1.vip.townnews.com/stlt

    In it, it states that the Judgment is to follow. Thus, the news item I found, dated 3 July 2019, must have been from when said Judgment was issued.

  • 34. VIRick  |  July 7, 2019 at 6:19 pm

    Venezuela: Venezuela Igualitaria Petitions TSJ on Marriage Equality, Trans Rights

    Per Rex Wockner:

    Venezuela Igualitaria has launched a petition to Juan José Mendoza Jover, president of the Supreme Tribunal of Justice, Constitutional Chamber (TSJ), demanding action on five long-delayed cases on marriage equality, gay parenting adoption rights, transgender documents, and military discrimination.
    https://twitter.com/LGBTMarriage

    Desde el 2015, la Asociación Civil Venezuela Igualitaria ha presentado más de 5 casos judiciales sobre Derechos Humanos de las personas LGBTI ante la Sala Constitucional del Tribunal Supremo de Venezuela, pero tenemos mucho tiempo esperando sentencia de los siguientes casos:
    1.Caso – Nulidad del Art. 44 del Código Civil para reconocimiento del Matrimonio Civil Igualitario.
    2.Caso – Omisión Legislativa por parte de la Asamblea Nacional en 2014, por no debatir el Proyecto de Ley de Matrimonio Civil Igualitario.
    3.Caso – Nulidad del Art. 565 del Código Orgánico de Justicia Militar, actualmente vigente y utilizado para discriminar a personas LGBTI.
    4.Solicitud de Aclaratoria de Sentencia 1187/2016 que reconoció constitucionalmente derechos filiativos a familias homoparentales.
    5.Acción Constitucional que busca la reivindicación del Derecho Humano al Reconocimiento de la Identidad de Género Auto-percibido de personas trans y no binarias.

    Since 2015, the Asociación Civil Venezuela Igualitaria has presented more than 5 legal cases concerning the Human Rights of LGBTI persons before the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court of Venezuela, but we have been awaiting judgments for a long time in the following cases:
    1. Case – Nullity of Art. 44 of the Civil Code for recognition of Equal Civil Marriage.
    2. Case – Legislative Omission by the National Assembly in 2014, for not discussing the Equal Civil Marriage Law Project.
    3. Case – Nullity of Article 565 of the Organic Code of Military Justice, currently in force and used to discriminate against LGBTI persons.
    4. Request for Clarification of Judgment 1187/2016 that constitutionally recognizes filiation rights to homoparental families.
    5. Constitutional Action that seeks the vindication of the Human Right to the Recognition of Self-perceived Gender Identity for trans and non-binary persons.

    The Change. Org. petition is here:
    https://www.change.org/p/exigimos-al-tribunal-sup

  • 35. scream4ever  |  July 7, 2019 at 9:09 pm

    9 Republicans joined all Democrats in supporting the amendment.

  • 36. VIRick  |  July 8, 2019 at 11:26 am

    Northern Ireland: The Latest Marriage Equality Possibility

    On Monday, 8 July 2019, British MPs will debate a bill aimed at buying more time for Northern Ireland to restore its devolved executive. While the government’s bill is fairly straight-forward, proposing a delay to Assembly elections so that power-sharing talks can continue, there are several proposed amendments which could have monumental impact.

    One, tabled by Labour MP Conor McGinn, would force Westminster to extend marriage equality to Northern Ireland should talks fail to restore the executive by 21 October 2019. Speaking to RTE, McGinn said that “if it is called and selected… then I am very confident that the MPs across all parties will emphatically endorse equal rights for people in Northern Ireland, that they can enjoy with the rest of Ireland and the rest of the UK.”

    Theresa May’s government has repeatedly said that marriage equality in Northern Ireland is a matter for the devolved legislature and has so far refused to intervene. However, Northern Ireland secretary Karen Bradley said in February that if a vote on same-sex marriage in Northern Ireland were to be brought forward, it would be a free vote in line with the government’s policy on matters of conscience.
    https://www.pinknews.co.uk/2019/07/08/northern-ir

  • 37. VIRick  |  July 8, 2019 at 11:40 am

    Colorado: Gay Democrat, Daniel Baer, Running for US Senate

    The LGBTQ Victory Fund, which has the exclusive purpose of backing LGBT candidates running for political office, has thrown its support behind Daniel Baer, a former US ambassador who served during the Obama administration and who is running to become the first openly gay man elected to the US Senate.

    On Monday, 8 July 2019, Annise Parker, CEO of the Victory Fund, announced the endorsement of Baer in a statement that recalled Jared Polis’s 2018 victory in Colorado as the first openly gay man elected governor. “Coloradans led the country by electing America’s first openly gay governor in 2018 – and in 2020 they will make history again in sending the first out gay man to the US Senate,” Parker said.

    The Democratic primary in Colorado is 30 June 2020. If Baer succeeds in obtaining the Democratic nomination, he’ll face off against Sen. Cory Gardner (R-CO), who is considered one of the most vulnerable Republicans in 2020.

    News of the Victory Fund’s endorsement of Baer comes shortly after the organization endorsed South Bend Mayor Pete Buttigieg in his bid for the Democratic nomination to become president.
    https://www.washingtonblade.com/2019/07/08/victor

  • 38. VIRick  |  July 8, 2019 at 1:35 pm

    Veracruz: Less-Than-Gentle Reminder about Executive Orders

    Per Ruta Equidad AC:

    El gobernador de Veracruz, Cuitláhuac García Jiménez, Morena, a través Eric Cisneros Burgos, Secretario de Gobierno del Estado de Veracruz, pueden emitir una circular para ordenar que con apego a los tratados internacionales y la constitución y así se permita cualquier matrimonio sin distinción de sexo.
    https://twitter.com/RutaEquidad

    The governor of Veracruz, Cuitláhuac García Jiménez, Morena, through Eric Cisneros Burgos, Government Secretary of the State of Veracruz, can issue a circular order that is in accordance with international treaties and the constitution and thus permit any marriage without distinction of sex.

    Just as was done in Quintana Roo, Chihuahua, Baja California, and as a slight varient, in Oaxaca, and which was supposedly done in Guerrero,– and which was almost done by the previous governor of Veracruz,– until he rescinded it 4 days later. Any governor of any state in Mexico has the power to issue executive orders on any subject at any time.

    In addition:

    Per Ruta Equidad AC:

    Hoy, nos presentamos en las oficinas del Gobernador, Cuitláhuac García Jiménez, Morena, para hacerle la exigencia de que haga un exhorto al Legislatura de Veracruz, en especial a los diputados de Morena, para que se apruebe el matrimonio igualitario en Veracruz.
    https://twitter.com/RutaEquidad

    Today, we presented ourselves in the offices of the Governor, Cuitláhuac García Jiménez, Morena, to demand that he make an exhortation to the Legislature of Veracruz, especially to the Morena deputies, to approve equal marriage in Veracruz.

    All Morena Deputies Are in Favor of Marriage Equality

    According to this news article, deputy Rosalinda Galindo Silva, Morena, claims that all 26 Morena deputies (of the 50) in the Veracruz Congress will vote in favor of marriage equality.
    https://palabrasclaras.mx/politica/todos-los-dipu

    However, Wikipedia states that there are only 19 Morena deputies, elected as such, with 5 PT and 5 PES in coalition, for total of 29 in the majority coalition (the numbers I had been using up to this point).
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Mexican_sta

    But the official website of el Congreso del Estado de Veracruz matches with the numbers Rosalinda Galindo stated, that is, 26 Morena, 1 PT, and 2 PES. Apparently, since election, 4 PT members and 3 of PES have switched allegiance to officially join Morena. The remaining numbers for PRD (2), MC (2), PAN (13), PRI (3), and Verde (1) are all in agreement with Wikipedia
    http://www.legisver.gob.mx/Inicio.php?p=legis

    So, if they ever get around to voting, I now count 32 in favor, as follows: Morena (26), PRD (2), MC (2), PT (1) and PRI (1).

  • 39. JayJonson  |  July 8, 2019 at 2:18 pm

    Here is a video released by the State Department when Baer was appointed Ambassador. It introduces him and his partner (now husband) Brian Walsh and their greyhound Cleo.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oOLCp3Hx-n4

    Baer and Walsh were later married at the U.S. Embassy in Vienna. Here is a link to a report on their wedding: https://www.washingtonblade.com/2014/08/03/gay-u-

  • 40. VIRick  |  July 8, 2019 at 8:33 pm

    Ecuador: Marriage Equality Rulings Have Been Published in the Registro Oficial

    Per Desirée Yépez‏:

    Today, 8 July 2019, the two marriage equality rulings issued by the Constitutional Court of Ecuador on 12 June 2019 were published in the Registro Oficial, thus making the two rulings official and legal. Same-sex marriages can now begin nationwide throughout Ecuador.
    https://twitter.com/Desireeyepez

    Caso No 10-18-CN comes first, followed (from page 69) by the ruling in Caso No 11-18-CN. All 160 pages, covering both rulings, are here:
    https://www.registroficial.gob.ec/index.php/produ

    Per Christian Paula:

    El Registro Oficial acaba de publicar las sentencias de matrimonio igualitario emitidas por la Corte Constitucional del Ecuador el 12 de junio de 2019.
    https://twitter.com/christian_16ec

    The Official Registry has just published the marriage equality judgments issued by the Constitutional Court of Ecuador on 12 June 2019.

    The rulings have just been released about an hour ago, around 11 PM, 8 July 2019, EDT/AST/Venezuela time, or about 10 PM, Ecuador time.

    Per Yanet M.P.:

    Mañana será un mejor día en Ecuador. El matrimonio igualitario ya es oficial y legal, a casarse con quién uno desee. Y al que no le guste, pues ni modo, los antiácidos sobran en las farmacias.
    https://twitter.com/yanetmp30

    Tomorrow will be a better day in Ecuador. Equal marriage is already official and legal, to marry with whoever one desires. And to those who do not like it, well no problem, antacids are available in the pharmacies.

    Per Pamela Troya:

    Ya tengo en mi poder el documento digital de 160 páginas del Registro Oficial sobre las dos sentencias de matrimonio igualitario en el Ecuador. ¡Ya es un hecho, ya es real, las parejas del mismo sexo nos podremos casar!
    https://twitter.com/pametroya

    I already have in my possession the 160-page digital document of the Official Registry on the two equal marriage judgments in Ecuador. It's a fact, it's real, same-sex couples can get married!

    Per "El Universo:"

    Con esa publicación, las parejas del mismo sexo podrán acudir a las dependencias del Registro Civil a nivel nacional y contraer matrimonio.
    https://www.eluniverso.com/noticias/2019/07/08/no

    With this publication, same-sex couples can now go to any office of the Civil Registry nationwide and get married.

  • 41. ianbirmingham  |  July 8, 2019 at 9:25 pm

    Small LGBT Pride Parade Held In Tblisi, Georgia

    About two dozen protesters, including human rights activists and members of the LGBT community, protested outside the Interior Ministry while holding signs and rainbow flags.

    The rally lasted only 30 minutes amid reports that extremist groups were on their way to disperse protesters.

    Georgia’s highly influential Orthodox Church had criticized plans by LGBT activists to carry out the march, saying in a June 14 statement that the LGBT lifestyle was a "sin" that goes "against the Christian faith, traditional religious teachings, and moral values."

    (Click through to the article for PICTURES!)

    https://www.rferl.org/a/georgia-s-gay-pride-parad

  • 42. FredDorner  |  July 9, 2019 at 9:17 am

    A few years ago the Orthodox church had enough advance notice of the gay rights march that they were able to organize 20,000 rabid Christians in Tblisi to try to stone to death the gay activists. Fortunately some very brave cops rescued the activists before they were killed. Many of the rioters were just ordinary church goers, not per se members of right wing extremist groups. http://americablog.com/2013/05/priests-led-violen

    And note that the Georgian government knows who the leaders and many of the perpetrators were but has done nothing to apprehend or charge them: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/20/world/europe/ge

  • 43. allan120102  |  July 9, 2019 at 9:22 am

    Breaking NI will have ssm after a 383-73 vote unless a government can be form before Oct 21. I am really happy right now.

  • 44. FredDorner  |  July 9, 2019 at 1:42 pm

    If Stormont forms a government it will only be if there's pro-equality, pro-Irish language & pro-choice legislation as part of the agreement, otherwise Sinn Fein won't allow it.

    It's sort of a backwards way to go about it but it works, although I'm not clear why Westminster didn't do it earlier since NI hasn't had a government for 2 years.

  • 45. scream4ever  |  July 9, 2019 at 2:15 pm

    Probably because they were aprehensive but since have gotten the reassurance from NI officials.

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