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11/18 open thread and news round-up

Community/Meta Transgender Rights

– Michigan is making it easier for a person to change their gender designation on their driver’s license or ID card.

This is an open thread. We’ll post any breaking news.

27 Comments Leave a Comment

  • 1. VIRick  |  November 18, 2019 at 7:21 pm

    Panamá: Technical Commission Makes Alterations to Proposed Constitutional Changes

    El Ejecutivo recomendará limitar poderes de la Asamblea y rechaza reconocer únicamente la unión hombre-mujer. Una "comisión técnica" designada por el Órgano Ejecutivo recomendó introducir 19 modificaciones al proyecto de reformas constitucionales aprobado por la Asamblea Nacional en la legislatura pasada. La definición de matrimonio quedaría como está en la Constitución vigente, retirando la acepción de que la unión debe ser únicamente entre un hombre y una mujer, como habían aprobado los diputados.

    El paquete de recomendaciones fue presentado por la comisión al presidente este jueves, 7 de noviembre 2019, y en la mañana de este viernes, 8 de noviembre, Cortizo lo presentó públicamente, acompañado por el consejo de la Concertación Nacional para el Desarrollo. Cualquier cambio que el Ejecutivo quiera introducir al proyecto ya aprobado por la Asamblea deberá ser presentado por un diputado al pleno legislativo cuando se reabra el debate de las reformas constitucionales en la siguiente legislatura, que empieza en enero próximo. Referéndum de las reformas podría ser el 4 de octubre de 2020.
    https://www.prensa.com/politica/Ejecutivo-recomen

    The Executive will recommend limiting powers of the Assembly and refuses to recognize only male-female unions. A "technical commission" appointed by the Executive Branch recommended introducing 19 modifications to the draft constitutional reforms approved by the National Assembly in the last legislature. The definition of marriage would remain as it is in the current Constitution, withdrawing the meaning that the union must be only between a man and a woman, as the deputies had approved.

    The package of recommendations was presented by the commission to the president this Thursday, 7 November 2019, and on Friday morning, 8 November, Cortizo presented it publicly, accompanied by the members of the National Development Council. Any change that the Executive wants to introduce to the project already approved by the Assembly must be presented by a deputy to the full legislature when the debate on constitutional reforms is reopened in the next legislative session, which begins in January 2020. The referendum on the reforms could be on 4 October 2020.

  • 2. ianbirmingham  |  November 18, 2019 at 11:34 pm

    Chick Fil-A ends controversial donations to anti-LGBTQ charities and organizations after years of backlash

    On Monday, the Atlanta-based company said that beginning from next year they will no longer be making donations to the Salvation Army, the Fellowship of Christian Athletes (FCA) and others.

    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-7699113/

  • 3. VIRick  |  November 19, 2019 at 5:38 pm

    Veracruz: Governor in Favor of Deputies Approving Marriage Equality

    Per Alberto Enríquez:

    Veracruz: Gobernador se Muestra a Favor de que Diputados Aprueban Matrimonio Igualitario

    Cuitláhuac García, gobernador de Veracruz, se muestra a favor de que diputados aprueban matrimonio igualitario pues dijo que es una cuestión de derechos humanos.

    "Debemos dejar en claro que esa es una decisión de los diputados estatales, la de aprobar o no, que en Veracruz sean legales los matrimonios entre personas del mismo sexo, sin embargo, desde mi opinión personal, yo estoy de acuerdo en que parejas del mismo sexo legalicen su unión."
    https://plumaslibres.com.mx/2019/11/19/cuitlahuac

    Cuitláhuac García, governor of Veracruz, shows himself to be in favor of the deputies approving marriage equality because he said it is a matter of human rights.

    "We must make it clear that this is a decision of the state deputies, whether or not to approve, that in Veracruz same-sex marriages be legal, however, from my personal opinion, I agree that same-sex couples should be able to legalize their unions."

    Note: This article uses the future subjunctive throughout, that is, it is written as "if in-the-future," a tense which is difficult to translate into correct English. The governor has chosen his words carefully, while still admonishing the state congress for its inaction on this matter.

  • 4. VIRick  |  November 19, 2019 at 6:16 pm

    Cayman Islands: Colours Cayman Demands Marriage Equality before Year's End

    Per LGBT Marriage News:

    The local activist group advocating for the rights of lesbian, bisexual, gay, and transgender people has called on the governor to put same-sex marriage equality in place before the end of the year. In the wake of the ruling by the Court of Appeal that the Cayman Islands must “expeditiously” legalize civil unions for gay couples, Colours Cayman met with Governor Martyn Roper and made the point that this means before 29 December.

    The appeal court’s decision overturned the chief justice’s ruling, in which he found in favor of the appellants, Chantelle Day and Vickie Bodden, and changed the marriage law from the bench to provide for same-sex marriage, and put an end to the ongoing violation of their rights. However, the appeal court ordered the Cayman Islands Government, which had appealed the ruling, to “expeditiously” implement an equivalent framework to marriage for gay couples. But the CIG has said it has no plans to address the issue until next year.

    Billie Bryan, the founder and president of Colours Cayman, and Dr. Leo Raznovich, who helps the non-profit group, met with Governor Roper and pressed upon him that the court's use of the term “expeditiously” should be understood to mean that the CIG must put a legal framework in place before the deadline by which Day and Bodden must decide whether or not to appeal the decision to the Privy Council, which is within 52 days from the date of the appeal court judgement, or before 29 December. Colours said that if government fails to meet that deadline, the governor or the UK must impose it by that date.

    In a press release about the meeting, Bryan added that anything but same-sex marriage would be considered discriminatory and subject to judicial review in the UK courts. The activists further said that the governor revealed that the law will not be implemented until the beginning of next year, which Colours said is too late.
    https://caymannewsservice.com/2019/11/colours-dem

  • 5. ianbirmingham  |  November 19, 2019 at 9:52 pm

    American Medical Association will push for nationwide ban on conversion therapy;
    AMA will also advocate for more inclusive health records for transgender patients

    “It is clear to the AMA that the conversion therapy needs to end in the United States given the risk of deliberate harm to LGBTQ people,” AMA Board Member William E. Kobler, M.D., said in a statement. “Conversion therapy has no foundation as scientifically valid medical care and lacks credible evidence to support its efficacy or safety.”

    https://www.metroweekly.com/2019/11/american-medi

  • 6. VIRick  |  November 20, 2019 at 1:28 pm

    Muxe Featured on Cover of Vogue Mexico

    Per Escándala:

    Muxe Es Portada de Vogue México

    La edición de Vogue Mexico dedica su portada de diciembre 2019 y amplio reportaje a las Muxes de Juchitán, Oaxaca.

    The Vogue Mexico edition dedicates its December 2019 cover and an extensive report to the Muxes of Juchitán, Oaxaca.

    One can see the Vogue cover photo and several additional photos here:
    https://www.escandala.com/muxe-es-portada-de-vogu

  • 7. ianbirmingham  |  November 20, 2019 at 3:47 pm

    GOP now controls [11th Circuit] court sending [Florida, Georgia and Alabama] cases to U.S. Supreme Court

    “Trump’s already had five appointees to the court, it’s already a much more conservative court than before and it might be the second most conservative court in the country,” said one law professor.

    Robert Luck, a 40-year-old South Miami native, was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on a 64 to 31 vote for an appointment on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit on Tuesday. Barbara Lagoa, a 52-year-old Hialeah native who was the first Cuban-American woman on the Florida Supreme Court, was confirmed to the court on an 80 to 15 vote on Wednesday. They are both members of the Federalist Society.

    Luck and Lagoa’s confirmation is the latest effort by Trump and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell to fill vacancies and reshape the federal courts with nominees who are favorably received by conservatives, many of whom are in their 40s or 50s and can serve on the bench for decades.

    https://www.tampabay.com/florida-politics/buzz/20

  • 8. ianbirmingham  |  November 20, 2019 at 4:40 pm

    CA Governor Gavin Newsom Orders Transgender Pride Flag To Fly Over State Capitol For Day Of Remembrance

    https://sacramento.cbslocal.com/2019/11/20/gavin-

  • 9. VIRick  |  November 20, 2019 at 5:27 pm

    Colombia: Three LGBT Conferences, Cartagena, Bogotá

    Per Caribe Afirmativo:

    Termina en Cartagena, el 19 de noviembre 2019, el segundo encuentro de la Red Afro LGBT de Colombia con el acompañamiento de Victor Madrigal, experto independiente sobre orientaciones sexuales, identidades, y expresiones de género de Naciones Unidas, y con el apoyo de "Race and Equality" con agenda para 2020.
    https://twitter.com/Caribeafirmativ

    The second meeting of the Afro LGBT Network of Colombia ends in Cartagena on 19 November 2019 with the accompaniment of Victor Madrigal, independent expert on sexual orientations, identities, and gender expressions from the United Nations, and with the support of "Race and Equality" with an agenda for 2020.

    Per Caribe Afirmativo:

    Equipo de Caribe Afirmativo se reúne en Cartagena con experto independiente sobre orientación sexual, identidades, y expresiones de género de ONU Victor Madrigal para conversar sobre el mandato y su articulación con la sociedad civil.
    https://twitter.com/Caribeafirmativ

    The Caribe Afirmativo team is meeting in Cartagena with an independent expert on sexual orientation, identities, and gender expressions from the UN, Victor Madrigal, to discuss the mandate and its articulation with civil society.

    Per Beto Hache:

    Hoy, el 20 de noviembre 2019, ILGALAC inaugura en Bogotá su octava conferencia regional, la primera vez en Colombia, con un mensaje claro: "El futuro habita en la memoria." La lucha sigue. Porque fueron, somos. Porque somos, serán.
    https://twitter.com/albertohidalgo

    Today, 20 November 2019, ILGALAC opens its eighth regional conference in Bogotá, the first time in Colombia, with a clear message: "The future lives in the memory." The fight continues. Because they were, we are. Because we are, they will be.

    ILGALAC es la Asociación Internacional de Lesbianas, Gays, Bisexuales, Trans, e Intersex para América Latina y el Caribe. Su Oficina Regional con sede está en Buenos Aires.

  • 10. VIRick  |  November 21, 2019 at 2:23 pm

    Baja California: Mexicali Bishop Backhandedly Concedes on Marriage Equality

    Per Armando Nieblas:‏

    Hoy día, el 21 de noviembre 2019, con todo y obispo, grupos en contra del matrimonio igualitario se manifestaron en Mexicali. Dice el obispo que no existe la excomunión en la iglesia católica, así que los diputados que aprueben la medida pueden dormir tranquilos.
    https://twitter.com/ArmandoNieblas

    Today, 21 November 2019, with everyone and the bishop, groups against marriage equality manifested themselves in Mexicali. The bishop says that there is no excommunication in the Catholic church, so the deputies who approve the measure can sleep peacefully.

    Snark alert: Ignoring several unproven presumptions (that all BC deputies are members of the Catholic Church, let alone that each pay any attention to it and its assorted precepts), the bishop appears to be accidentally conceding that the BC marriage equality measure will pass, and that once it does, it will not be that major of an issue, given that afterward, "everyone can sleep peacefully."

    Note: "Con todo y obispo" is a flippantly dismissive Mexicanism more akin to "everybody and their mother-in-law," while implying "every ass-hole in captivity."

  • 11. ianbirmingham  |  November 21, 2019 at 2:52 pm

    'I am Anastasia': Germany's first transgender commander makes film debut

    The documentary film depicts the life of Anastasia Biefang as she transitions and takes command of a German military battalion. Biefang says she wanted to show "there are transgender people in the Bundeswehr, too."

    https://www.dw.com/en/i-am-anastasia-germanys-fir

  • 12. VIRick  |  November 21, 2019 at 7:38 pm

    Texas: Federal Judge Allows Lesbian Employment Discrimination Case to Proceed

    Per Equality Case Files:

    On 21 November 2019, in "Bailey v. Mansfield," a federal judge has allowed a lesbian elementary school art teacher's lawsuit against a Texas school district to proceed. District Court Judge Sam A. Lindsay of the Northern District of Texas, Dallas Division, dismissed one defendant and some of Stacy Bailey's claims, but the school district and the district's superintendant remain as defendants.

    This doesn't mean Bailey has won her case; she still needs to prove her allegations on the remaining claims against these defendants. But it does mean that if she can do that, it will show that her rights were violated. The remaining claims allege violations of (1) the US Constitution's guarantees of Equal Protection and procedural Due Process and (2) the Equal Protection Clause and Equal Rights Amendment of the Texas Constitution.

    Judge Lindsay's equal protection analysis relies on "rational basis," — a deferential standard of review — but nevertheless "the court concludes that [the school district] has failed to argue persuasively how Bailey’s sexual orientation bears any rational relationship to her competency as an elementary school teacher, or her job performance as an elementary school teacher. Based on the pleadings, the court reasonably draws the inference that [the district's] decision to place her on administrative leave for eight months and then not permit her to resume her job teaching art to elementary school students was based on her sexual orientation and a desire to appease complaining parents in the community operating on the basis of outdated stereotypes about homosexuals. Absent some rational relationship to a legitimate governmental interest or her job performance, a decision to place Bailey on administrative leave and then transfer her because of her sexual orientation runs afoul of the Fourteenth Amendment’s equal protection guarantee."

    The Memorandum Opinion and Order is here:
    http://files.eqcf.org/cases/318-cv-01161-28/?fbcl

  • 13. VIRick  |  November 22, 2019 at 11:16 am

    Thailand: Lesbian Couple Petitions Court, Stating Marriage Law Is Unconstitutional

    Per Rex Wockner:

    A lesbian couple in Thailand have filed a petition to the Constitutional Court, arguing that allowing marriage only between a man and a woman contravenes the basic law in the Kingdom. The petition, submitted on Friday, 22 November 2019, was drafted with assistance from the Foundation for SOGI Rights and Justice (FOR-SOGI), which hopes that the judges would help drive changes in the marriage law. SOGI stands for "sexual orientation and gender identity." The petition details the case of Ms Permsup Sae-ung, 49, and Ms Puangpet Hengkum, 34, who were rejected by officials in May 2019 when they tried to register their marriage.

    “The Thai Constitution guarantees our birth rights of having a family and descendants. It also protects us citizens against discrimination of all kinds, including gender,” FOR-SOGI’s adviser Naiyana Supapung told "The Straits Times." “In the existing marriage registration form, your partner has to be a different sex from you. Otherwise, officials will not take your application. That is obviously unconstitutional.”

    According to FOR-SOGI, disallowing same-sex couples from marrying under the conventional law has important legal implications: They cannot use their spouses’ welfare rights to receive medical treatments, do not benefit from life insurance payouts, and also cannot file criminal complaints on behalf of their spouses should the latter be killed or harmed.

    Thailand has actually taken some tentative steps to address the issue, in the form of a draft civil partnership Bill which the Cabinet approved in principle in December 2018. The draft legislation, if passed, would give same-sex couples the right to jointly own property, to inherit property from each other, and to make medical decisions for each other in case of emergencies. While the legislation did not make it to Parliament before the elections on 24 March, Thailand’s bureaucracy has continued to work on it in the background.

    The Council of State, the government’s legal advisory body, is still deliberating on the Bill after the Ministry of Justice collected feedback through public consultation earlier this year. According to Ms Nareeluc Pairchaiyapoom, Director of International Human Rights, Law Division, at the ministry, the Bill may be modified to include adoption rights. It is not clear when the final version would be submitted to the new Cabinet and Parliament for approval.

    The most recent version of the Bill does not accord same-sex couples the right to their partners’ pensions nor to income tax benefits, unlike heterosexual married couples. It also does not address the right to adopt children, or to have children through surrogacy arrangements. Ms Naiyana, FOR-SOGI’s adviser, argues that it would be foolhardy to pin all hopes on the draft legislation. “It’s still a distance from reality. It hasn’t even reached the (new) Cabinet, not to mention the Parliament.”
    https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/thai-lg

  • 14. VIRick  |  November 22, 2019 at 1:13 pm

    For the enlightenment and further education of the anonymous individual who has shown a tendency to down-vote informational facts regarding the third gender/transgender Muxe of the Zapoteca Indigenous people of southern Mexico, while noting that this is a common traditional cultural characteristic shared with the Yucateca Maya and with several additional Indigenous groups in Guerrero, as well as with others in Colombia and Bolivia, I continue:

    Per AJ :

    Estrella Vázquez is the first Indigenous Muxe to be featured on the cover of Vogue. Vázquez says the cover is a "huge step."

    Muxes are a third gender recognized by the Zapoteca Indigenous communities of southern Mexico, where historically, (that is, within the Hispanic era), they faced anti-gay and anti-trans bigotry, (discrimination which, in the pre-historic era, simply did not exist). One can see a short video film featuring Binizia Carrillo self-explaining their continuing existence, within their own cultural context, here:
    https://twitter.com/ajplus

  • 15. ianbirmingham  |  November 22, 2019 at 5:11 pm

    The Battle for the Senate: Winning back the chamber is just as important as retaking the White House. But can Democrats wrest control from the GOP?

    Unless Democrats flip the Senate, the grand plans of the presidential candidates are dead on arrival. Capturing the chamber is just as crucial if Trump is re-elected; it would give Democrats control of the legislative agenda, budget, and judicial confirmations, ending [Senate Majority Leader Mitch] McConnell’s reign as Trump’s rubber stamp.

    One pernicious side effect of McConnell’s tenure has been turning the Senate into a terrible place for ambitious politicians to get things done. A key reason many prospective candidates are sour on Senate service is that McConnell has deformed what was long “the world’s greatest deliberative body” into what [Democratic Senate Campaign Committee Chair / Nevada Senator Catherine] Cortez Masto laments as “a legislative graveyard.”

    https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-fe

  • 16. VIRick  |  November 22, 2019 at 8:15 pm

    Alaska: Married Woman with a Same-Sex Spouse Sues State for Discrimination

    Per Equality Case Files:

    On 20 November 2019, in "Smith v. Dunleavy," an Alaska woman filed suit against state officials after being denied her permanent fund dividend, a dividend paid to all Alaskans who meet residency requirements, which includes being present in the state a certain number of days in the year. Absences due to accompanying a military spouse stationed out-of-state are not counted for purposes of denying eligibility.

    Plaintiff Denali Smith, whose spouse is a member of the Armed Forces stationed in Florida, was denied the benefit because she exceeded the number of allowable days absent from the state. The state's denial letter (see attachment to complaint linked below) included in its reason that "A same-sex relationship may not be recognized by the state as being entitled to the benefits of marriage."

    From the complaint:
    "Specifically, as to Plaintiff Denali Smith, the State of Alaska denied Plaintiff’s eligibility for the 2019 Permanent Fund Dividend (hereinafter “PFD”) because she is a woman married to a woman who is a member of the Armed Forces of the United States who would, if married to a male member of the Armed Forces of the United States, be categorically eligible for the 2019 PFD."

    The case, filed in federal court in Alaska, has been assigned to Judge H. Russel Holland. Plaintiff is represented by Anchorage attorneys Caitlin Shortell and Heather Leigh Gardner.

    The Complaint is here:
    http://files.eqcf.org/cases/319-cv-00298-1/?fbcli

  • 17. VIRick  |  November 22, 2019 at 8:38 pm

    Kentucky: Photographer Opposed to Gay Marriage Sues over Louisville's Fairness Ordinance

    Per Equality Case Files:

    On 19 November 2019, in "Nelson v. Louisville/Jefferson County Metro Government," a "christian" photographer in Louisville, Chelsey Nelson, who opposes same-sex marriage, but who has never been forced to photograph a gay wedding, along with the hate group, ADF, as her legal counsel, filed suit against the city in federal court over its 20-year-old Fairness Ordinance, claiming it violates her constitutional rights.
    https://www.courier-journal.com/story/news/local/

    The Complaint is here:
    http://files.eqcf.org/cases/319-cv-00851-1/?fbcli

    The case has been assigned to Judge Justin R. Walker, a 37-year-old Trump appointee rated "Not Qualified" by the ABA due to the fact that he lacks the requisite experience per the ABA's criteria:
    http://bit.ly/2sa5dx2

  • 18. VIRick  |  November 23, 2019 at 1:37 pm

    Colorado: Transgender Class Action Suit Filed against CDOC

    Per Equality Case Files:

    On 22 November 2019, the Transgender Law Center (TLC) and King & Greisen, LLP filed a class action lawsuit in state court on behalf of all transgender women who are or will be in the custody of the Colorado Department of Corrections (CDOC). The lawsuit claims that the CDOC has discriminated against transgender women solely on the basis of their gender identity and that these women have been subjected to unsafe situations, including severe sexual harassment, physical violence, and rape.

    The lawsuit states that the Colorado Anti-Discrimination Act and the Colorado Constitution mandate that CDOC must provide transgender women the same rights and privileges accorded to other people in their custody. This includes housing accommodations that ensure that the women are housed in a safe manner that respects their identity, and that they are provided necessary medical and mental health care.

    The seven women named as class representative also have gender dysphoria – which courts have recognized as a condition requiring accommodation under disability rights laws. The lawsuit goes on to explain that not receiving proper treatment for gender dysphoria often results in severe depression and anxiety, as well as suicidal behavior.

    A copy of the complaint can be found here:
    https://transgenderlawcenter.org/archives/15498?f

  • 19. VIRick  |  November 23, 2019 at 3:32 pm

    Third-Gender Model Graces History-Making Cover of "Vogue"

    "Vogue" is making history by featuring a Muxe individual on the cover of its December issue in the UK and Mexico. The 37-year-old Muxe designer, Estrella Vázquez, who appeared on said cover, said that it's important because "there is still discrimination" in Mexico.

    Muxe – derived from the Spanish word for woman, mujer – refers to a person assigned male at birth but who lives her life as a woman and is seen (within the Zapoteca culture) as part of a third gender.

    The term is specific to the indigenous Zapoteca of southern Mexico, (although the concept is much broader,) according to anthropologist and former California State University – Chico professor, Beverly Chiñas.
    https://www.lgbtqnation.com/2019/11/third-gender-

  • 20. Fortguy  |  November 23, 2019 at 5:32 pm

    Clarify this for me, Rick, because the pronunciation of the letter x when used for terms from indigenous cultures can be unclear. I'm assuming the x in muxe is pronounced similar to an English h as in Oaxaca (Zapotec) or even Texas (Caddo) rather than like an s as in Texcoco (Nahuatl) or like an sh as in Uxmal (Maya).

  • 21. VIRick  |  November 23, 2019 at 6:48 pm

    Fortguy, according to what my ears heard when listening to the Spanish-language audio to the short video clip, Binizia Carrillo pronounced Muxe as MOO-shay, but with a tiny guttural echo to the "sh" sound, which precisely matches with what I have heard myself when I lived near-by.

    But as you point out, the Zapoteca sound signified by "x" is as in Oaxaca (English "h"), while the Maya sound signified by the same letter is as in Uxmal (English "sh"). The Spanish encountered the Yucateca Maya (and the Olmeca, where I lived) long before they had any knowledge about the Zapoteca (or other indigenous groups in Guerrero, like the Amuzgo, who also have the third-gender tradition). Since Muxe is a Spanish-derived word, I am suspecting that they first coined the term after encountering third gender/transgender individuals among the Yucateca Maya.

    Technically speaking, Muxe is neither a Maya nor a Zapoteca term, even though it follows the Yucateca Maya pronunciation guide. Instead, it is a Spanish term adopted by the Zapoteca, and one which continues in current usage among that population. I do not know the current term in Yucateca Maya, nor the term in Tzotzil Maya from Chiapas.

    According to Melendre, a civil society organization that advocates for the Zapotec culture, of the 75,000 inhabitants of Juchitán, approximately 5,000 are muxes, and that muxes are also present in surrounding villages like Niltepec (to its east) and Ixtepec (to its northwest).
    https://www.refworld.org/docid/5b9bdb404.html

  • 22. JayJonson  |  November 24, 2019 at 7:45 am

    What a wonderful exchange between Fortguy and VIRick. The level of erudition among contributors to Equality on Trial always amazes me. Thank you for this learned discussion. I have a friend who is a linguist who will be fascinated by these insights.

  • 23. VIRick  |  November 24, 2019 at 8:59 am

    Ruth Bader Ginsberg Hospitalized

    On Saturday, 23 November 2019, the court announced that Ruth Bader Ginsburg, the US Supreme Court's eldest justice and a stalwart of its liberal wing, was admitted to the hospital with chills and fever. As of late Saturday, however, her symptoms had abated and she "expects to be released from the hospital as early as Sunday morning," the court added in a second statement.

    The 86-year-old was admitted to Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore Friday night after an initial evaluation at Sibley Memorial Hospital in Washington.
    https://start.new.toshiba.com/news/read/article/a

  • 24. VIRick  |  November 24, 2019 at 10:08 am

    Jay, the Maya are incredibly complex, so any additional information your linguist friend can provide would be appreciated. In the broadest sense, the Maya live in Yucatán, Quintana Roo, Campeche, Tabasco, and Chiapas in Mexico, throughout Belize and Guatemala, and on into portions of El Salvador and western Honduras. They speak about 30 different languages, most of which are not mutually understood, even among themselves, greatly adding to their own separation and isolation. Plus, there's the continuing persecution and denial, particularly in Guatemala, where they account for at least 40% of the population.

    The Tzotzil Maya of the central Chiapas highlands from in and around their cultural capital, San Cristóbal de las Casas (Jovel in Tzotzil), are among the "lucky" ones, as they have generally been left alone, and have thus been able to preserve their language and culture. I have always wondered whether they, too, have accepted the third-gender phenomenon, but have kept matters much quieter, because:

    1. They continue to exhibit an extremely colorful traditional dress (given that the Muxes among the Zapoteca and the Amuzgo both specialize in the manufacture, weaving, and wearing of brightly-colored textiles of a similar nature),
    2. Immediately upon legalization, San Cristóbal de las Casas experienced a relative surge of same-sex marriages, while the Chiapas gender identity law has yet to be up-dated, thus precluding gender change through legal self-identification.

    Many indigenous groups have learned not to advertise customs and traditions that in their view might not be fully accepted by the outside world, and thus remain quite tight-lipped. That is certainly the case among the Yucateca Maya.

    This map shows that there are 8 different Maya groupings in Chiapas alone, 4 to 6 of which spill over from Guatemala:
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maya_peoples#/media

    This map shows 29 different Maya linguistic groupings. The Q'eqchi' in Guatemala are known as Kekchi in Belize:
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maya_peoples#/media

  • 25. scream4ever  |  November 24, 2019 at 11:16 am

    It was confirmed that she's been released.

  • 26. VIRick  |  November 24, 2019 at 7:18 pm

    Minnesota: Minneapolis City Council Bans "Conversion Therapy"

    On Friday, 22 November 2019, the Minneapolis City Council unanimously banned so-called "conversion therapy" aimed at changing minors’ sexual orientation or gender identity. The ordinance, which was co-authored by Council Vice-President Andrea Jenkins and Council Member Phillipe Cunningham, will be the first of its kind in Minnesota as soon as Mayor Jacob Frey signs it, the "Star Tribune" reported.

    Cunningham, who was the first out trans man of color to be elected to office in the USA, says he faced "conversion therapy" in church as a child and doesn’t want anyone else to have the same experience. The ordinance defines “conversion therapy” or “reparative therapy” as “any practice or treatment that seeks to change an individual’s sexual orientation or gender identity, including efforts to change behaviors or gender expressions or to eliminate or reduce sexual or romantic attractions or feelings toward individuals of the same gender.“
    https://www.advocate.com/news/2019/11/23/minneapo

  • 27. ianbirmingham  |  November 24, 2019 at 10:13 pm

    I certainly hope she will be watching with great interest next November as the Democrats reclaim the White House (and possibly also the Senate!)…

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