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7/20 open thread


This is an open thread. We’ll post any breaking news.


  • 1. VIRick  |  July 21, 2020 at 8:54 pm

    Wikipedia Gender Identity Information for Mexico Needs Serious Up-Dating

    Although the following listing is correct up to a point, it is far from complete. And although I have posted previous reminders here, for close to a year now, no one at Wikipedia seems to be paying any attention. In the meantime, these 6 listed jurisdictions have grown to 11:

    Transgender persons can change legal gender and name in Mexico City (2008), Nayarit (2017), Michoacán (2017), Coahuila (2018), Hidalgo (2019), San Luis Potosí (2019).

    In addition, Colima by state law on 13 February, Oaxaca by state law on 28 August (simultaneously with the marriage equality bill), and Tlaxcala by state law on 1 October, have all followed suit in 2019. Also, in 2019, so has Baja California (at least in Ensenada and Tijuana) by adhering to their own state-issued directive (just like the state-issued marriage equality directive), and so has Chihuahua, following the 26 November Supreme Court ruling against that state which had been filed by Cheros AC and Mexico Igualitario.

    Congress of Colima Approves the Change of Gender Identity

    Congreso de Colima Aprueba Cambio de Identidad de Género

    El 13 de febrero 2019, el Congreso de Colima aprobó por unanimidad un dictamen para dar certeza legal a las personas de la comunidad transgénero.

    On 13 February 2019, the Colima Congress unanimously approved the draft law giving legal certainty to persons of the transgender community.

    Colima Registers Its First Two Changes of Gender Identity, 20 June 2019

    Registra Colima Sus Dos Primeros Cambios de Identidad de Género, el 20 de Junio 2019

    Para realizar el trámite de cambio de género en las actas de nacimiento, lo único que se requiere es que la persona que desee realizar el cambio al sexo opuesto manifieste su voluntad de hacerlo y acudir a la Dirección General del Registro Civil.

    To carry out the process of gender change on birth certificates, the only thing that is required is that the person wishing to make the change to the opposite sex express their willingness to do so and go to the General Directorate of the Civil Registry.

    Tlaxcala Congress Passes "Auto-Percebido" Gender Identity Law

    El 1 de octubre 2019, en un histórico con 20 votos a favor y 2 en contra, la 63a legislatura aprobó en su totalidad el decreto de ley mediante el cual queda aprobado el cambio de identidad de género, con el que las personas transgénero tendrán derecho a una acta de nacimiento con su personalidad elegida y dentro del marco jurídico sean reconocidos.

    On 1 October 2019, in an historic vote with 20 in favor and 2 against, the 63rd legislature approved in its entirety the law decree by which the change of gender identity is to be allowed, through which transgender individuals will have the right to be recognized on their birth certificates with their own chosen identity within the legal framework.

    Tlaxcala is now the 10th jurisdiction in Mexico to have approved a gender identity law based on self-declaration (auto-percebido). Colima, Baja California, and Oaxaca have all recently done the same. From November 2019, Chihuahua became #11, following the SCJN jurisprudence on gender identity that was announced on 26 November 2019.

  • 2. VIRick  |  July 21, 2020 at 9:53 pm

    Chihuahua: Trans Persons Can Adapt Birth Certificate Information without Amparo

    Chihuahua: Personas Trans Pueden Adecuar Acta de Nacimiento sin Amparo

    El 26 de noviembre 2019, el Registro Civil nos informó que, en cumplimiento a la jurisprudencia emitida por el pleno del Décimo Séptimo Circuito, ya no se les negará la adecuación en sus actas de nacimiento, por lo que no será necesario interponer un juicio de amparo, permitiendo que tengan acceso a su derecho a la identidad y nombre, respetando sobre todo, la igualdad.

    On 26 November 2019, the Civil Registry informed us that, in compliance with the jurisprudence issued by the full court of the Seventeenth Circuit, they will no longer be denying adaptation for birth certificates, so it will no longer be necessary to file for an amparo, allowing everyone to have access to their right to identity and name, respecting above all, equality.

    This change makes Chihuahua jurisdiction #11 within Mexico to allow for self-determination of gender identity.

    Mexico: Supreme Court Jurisprudence on Gender Identity Has Been Issued

    Per México Igualitario y Cheros AC:

    El 30 de enero 2020, ya salió la jurisprudencia por Contradicción de Tesis que denunciamos. Esto permitirá un critério uniforme sobre el Derecho a la Identidad de las personas trans para los juicios de amparo que se tramiten en donde no se haya cambiado la legislación.

    On 30 January 2020, the jurisprudence pertaining to the Contradiction of Thesis that we challenged has been issued. This will allow for a uniform criterion covering the Right to Identity for trans persons in amparo judgments that are processed where the legislation has not yet been changed.


    The 5 consecutive amparo judgments from the Full Court of the 17th Circuit, all stating the same thing on the same matter, are: AR.- 42/2017, AR.- 313/2016, AR.- 80/2017, AR.- 35/2017 y AR.- 40/2018.….

    The 17th Circuit Court covers Chihuahua, where the federal judges repeatedly ruled in favor of multiple plaintiffs' right to change name/gender, and where the transgender women of Chihuahua (Cheros, AC) kept up a constant court challenge, one case after the other, after the next.

    In contradiction, federal courts in Guanajuato were ruling against the right of individuals to change name/gender. In resolving the contradiction between the courts in Chihuahua and those in Guanajuato, the Supreme Court sided with the positive rulings coming from Chihuahua. Henceforth, given this new jurisprudence, all federal judges throughout Mexico must now rule the same way, as in Chihuahua. Included in their jurisprudence, the Supreme Court also stated that the states must allow for self-declaring (auto-percebido) name/gender change by simple administrative means.

    The Supreme Court ruling was first announced in late November 2019. Chihuahua changed its policy, per said Supreme Court ruling, on the very same date, making it jurisdiction #11 to be in compliance with the gender identity jurisprudence which was finally officially issued on 30 January 2020.

  • 3. VIRick  |  July 22, 2020 at 8:49 am

    For the year 2019, the full, correct chronological order in which 7 more states in Mexico began allowing for self-declared name/gender change on birth certificates via administrative means, by far the most important year yet, is:

    #5 Colima (by law)
    #6 Baja California (by state directive)
    #7 San Luis Potosí (by law)
    #8 Hidalgo (by law)
    #9 Oaxaca (by law)
    #10 Tlaxcala (by law)
    #11 Chihuahua (by Supreme Court jurisprudence)

    In addition, the Supreme Court jurisprudence pertaining to gender identity for the rest of Mexico (the remaining 21 jurisdictions) was issued. Federal judges no longer have any discretion, and upon request, must order an administrative name/gender change. Almost immediately, the first name/gender change "test" case was brought, and won, in Morelos.

  • 4. VIRick  |  July 25, 2020 at 1:13 pm

    For the benefit of the editor at Wikipedia working to up-date the Mexico gender identity information:

    The Chihuahua citation of 26 November 2019 is here:

    The Tlaxcala citation of 1 October 2019 is here:

    The Oaxaca citations of 28 August 2019 are here:

    See also Rex Wockner's note confirming that this legislation in Oaxaca was a dual package, covering both marriage equality and gender identity. The two passed simultaneously on the same vote:

    Per Rex Wockner:

    Today, 28 August 2019, in a 25-10 vote (with 7 abstentions in the 42-seat legislature), the Oaxaca state Congress passed marriage equality and hassle-free document changes for trans people.

    The Baja California citation from 16 April 2019 is here:

    The Baja California citation from 26 April 2019 is here:

    The second citation notes that these are the first two changes of gender to have been successfully obtained administratively in Tijuana, and were done through the active intervention of la Comisión Estatal de Derechos Humanos de Baja California (CEDHBC), the same body actively intervening in all the marriage equality applications. Although the Baja California state law has yet to be changed, the CEDHBC has been quite pro-active on a case-by-case basis. The first of the two citations provides all of the legal findings leading to their ultimate acceptance.

    The Colima citation of 13 February 2019 is here:

  • 5. VIRick  |  July 25, 2020 at 10:05 pm

    For Baja California, Ensenada was actually the first to begin administratively processing requests for name/gender change, several months before Tijuana. Cristian Vázquez is the Civil Registrar in Ensenada who began accepting requests for change of name/gender from 22 January 2019, and explains himself here:

    One month later, on 27 February 2019, we have this report from Ensenada, of one change of gender by judicial means (dating from February 2017) and one by administrative means (just completed), with 30 more in process administratively:

    En el municipio de Ensenada solo se han logrado hacer dos trámites de cambio de identidad, uno fue por la vía judicial y otro por la vía administrativa. Nicolás Herrera nació con género femenino, pero a los 19 años decidió cambiar de identidad sexual, hoy forma parte de un grupo de 30 personas que iniciarán con el trámite administrativo en las oficinas locales sin necesidad de perder un mes y medio en la ciudad de México.

    To date, there is no evidence that either Mexicali, Rosarito, or Tecate have yet to follow suit behind Ensenada and Tijuana.

  • 6. VIRick  |  July 22, 2020 at 2:08 pm

    Coahuila: Marriage Equality Re-Cap and Up-Date

    Coahuila es considerado uno de los estados pioneros en la lucha de los derechos de la comunidad LGBTTTI, siendo el segundo estado (en Mexico) en legalizar el matrimonio de parejas del mismo sexo en 2014.

    Con información de la Dirección del Registro Civil, específicamente en el estado coahuilense, desde la legalización del matrimonio igualitario en 2014, se han oficiado 1,224 bodas. Durante el primer año de su implementación se realizaron 67 uniones en todo el estado. El año 2018 presentó el mayor número de uniones, con 391 matrimonios. Para el año pasado se contabilizaron 191 y en lo que va del 2020 se han oficiado 18 bodas.

    La capital del estado, Saltillo es el lugar con mayor número de uniones, acumulando 1,014 desde 2014. En segundo lugar se encuentra el municipio de Torreón con 100 procesos.

    Coahuila is considered one of the pioneer states in the fight for the rights of the LGBTTTI community, being the second state (in Mexico) to legalize marriage between same-sex couples in 2014.

    With information from the Civil Registry Directorate, specifically for Coahuila state, since the legalization of marriage equality in 2014, there have been 1,224 marriages officiated. During the first year of its implementation, 67 unions were held throughout the state. The year 2018 presented the highest number of unions, with 391 marriages. Last year, 191 were counted, and so far in 2020, 18 marriages have been officiated.

    The state capital, Saltillo, is the place with the highest number of unions, accumulating 1,014 since 2014. In second place is the municipality of Torreón with 100 processed.

    The apparent recent drop in the number of same-sex couples marrying in Coahuila can be attributed to the fact that neighboring Nuevo León effectively legalized marriages between same-sex couples from May 2019.

  • 7. VIRick  |  July 22, 2020 at 3:22 pm

    Mexico: SCJN Once Again: "Ya Lo Dijo La Corte" (The Court Already Said So)

    Per Arturo Zaldívar L., Ministro Presidente de la SCJN (Chief Justice of Supreme Court) on 22 July 2020:

    En un estado constitucional y democrático de derecho, las sentencias del tribunal constitucional definen el contenido y significado de la norma fundamental. Todas las autoridades deberían conducirse conforme a esa interpretación.

    In a constitutional and lawful democratic state, the decisions of the constitutional court define the content and meaning of the fundamental rule of law. All authorities should conduct themselves in accordance with that interpretation.

    This latest re-iteration was specifically directed toward the legislative obfuscation and intransigence regarding marriage equality, or as stated, per Raymundo Moreno:

    Ahí, les hablan a los “juristas” que siguen cuestionando el matrimonio igualitario.

    There, the court is speaking to the "jurists" who continue to question marriage equality.

    Furthermore, it is NOT a mere co-incidence that the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court issued his latest pronouncement on the very same date that . . . (next post)

  • 8. VIRick  |  July 22, 2020 at 4:17 pm

    SCJN Accepts Yucatán Marriage Equality Challenge against Yucatán Congress

    Per Colectivo PTF Yucatán:

    La Primera Sala de la SCJN atrajo hoy, el 22 de julio 2020, el amparo del Colectivo PTF Yucatán contra el Congreso de Yucatán por las votaciones contra el matrimonio igualitario de 2019 en las que, en desacato a la jurisprudencia de la SCJN, se violó la Constitución y se rompió el Pacto Federal.

    Today, 22 July 2020, the First Chamber of the SCJN accepted the amparo of the Colectivo PTF Yucatán against the Yucatán Congress for voting against marriage equality in 2019, votes in which, in contempt of the jurisprudence of the SCJN, the Constitution was violated and the Federal Covenant was broken.

    Per Suprema Corte:

    La Primera Sala conocerá de un asunto sobre la procedencia del juicio de amparo por la omisión del Congreso de Yucatán de ajustar la legislación para permitir que parejas del mismo sexo tengan la misma protección que parejas heterosexuales, particularmente en el acceso al matrimonio.

    The First Chamber will hear a matter about the origin of the amparo proceeding regarding the failure of the Yucatán Congress to adjust legislation to permit same-sex couples to have the same protection as heterosexual couples, particularly in access to marriage.

    Per Lalo Zaragoza:

    Importantísima es la apelación de la SCJN sobre la violación a la jurisprudencia en Yucatán, pues sentará las bases del matrimonio igualitario en toda la república. No se podrá evitar, ni en los estados que hayan votado en contra.

    The appeal to the SCJN about the violation of jurisprudence in Yucatán is extremely important, as it will lay the foundation for marriage equality throughout the republic. It cannot be avoided, not even in states that have voted against.

  • 9. VIRick  |  July 22, 2020 at 6:32 pm

    Maryland: Trans Man Sues Catholic Hospital for Denying Surgery

    On 6 July 2020, the ACLU filed a federal lawsuit against the University of Maryland Medical System and its Towson MD-based University of Maryland St. Joseph Medical Center for the Catholic hospital’s refusal to perform surgery on a transgender man. The ACLU filed the lawsuit in the US District Court for the District of Maryland on behalf of Jesse Hammons, a 33-year-old transgender man who lives in Baltimore.

    The lawsuit charges the hospital violated Hammons’ First and Fourteenth Amendment constitutional rights and violated the Affordable Care Act’s non-discrimination provision when it cancelled a hysterectomy that Hammons’ surgeon was scheduled to perform on 6 January at the hospital. A hospital official told the surgeon it cancelled the hysterectomy, which the American Medical Association considers a necessary standard of care for transgender men, on grounds that it was prohibited by “Catholic health care values.”

    According to the lawsuit, the University of Maryland Medical System and the 13 hospitals it operates throughout the state are “instrumentalities of the State of Maryland and subject to the First Amendment’s Establishment Clause and the Fourteenth Amendment’s Equal Protection Clause.” The lawsuit further charges that UMMS is violating its constitutional obligations by operating the University Of Maryland St. Joseph Medical Center as a Catholic institution. The lawsuit notes that St. Joseph Medical Center operated as an independent Catholic hospital for many years before it was purchased in 2012 by the University of Maryland Medical System Corporation, a quasi-governmental entity funded by the state. It says the UMMS acted improperly when it approved a provision in the purchase agreement allowing the hospital to continue to operate as a Catholic facility.

    “An instrumentality of the state may not operate a Catholic hospital or deny medical care to transgender patients based on Catholic religious beliefs,” the lawsuit states. “By invoking Catholic religious beliefs as a basis for cancelling Mr. Hammons’s medically necessary surgery, Defendants violated the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment,” it says.

  • 10. VIRick  |  July 23, 2020 at 12:46 pm

    Romania: First Trans Candidate Running for Public Office

    Antonella Lerca has become the first transgender person to run for office in Romania, campaigning on a message of female empowerment and sex worker rights. When the Romanian Parliament attempted to prevent discussion of transgender lives in schools, Lerca said enough is enough.

    The candidate launched her campaign this week as an independent candidate for the Bucharest Local Council from District 2 in the election to be held on 27 September.

  • 11. VIRick  |  July 23, 2020 at 8:02 pm

    Haiti: A New Penal Code by Decree, Effective from Mid-2022

    Please read carefully. (The words in parentheses have been added for clarity regarding an absurd, false claim that has been embedded in this report.)

    Per LGBT Marriage News:

    An overhaul of Haiti’s penal code, (which is being attacked by the false claim that it) punishes marriage officiants who refuse to perform same-sex weddings, is provoking outcry among (Protestant) religious leaders in the socially conservative Caribbean nation. The tension is emerging in a nation that has never spelled out LGBT rights and where same-sex unions have never been recognized, but where homosexuality has never been expressly codified as illegal.

    At the heart of the current discussion is the rewrite of the 185-year-old penal code, decreed by Haitian President Jovenel Moïse last month. It voids the work of lawmakers who were drafting legal reforms before parliament recessed and the COVID-19 pandemic arrived in the country. Published in an official government newsletter on 24 June 2020, the reforms would go into effect in (24 months, in mid-)2022, unless a new parliament rejects the document.

    Critics object to the sweeping changes being issued by decree, as well as to the new penal code’s treatment of sexual minorities that, on paper, would make Haitian tribunals among the most LGBT-friendly in the Caribbean, a region where sexual minorities have faced centuries of repression. (As a result, said critics have invented some absurd claim that foreign Protestant preachers must perform same-sex weddings, as a means of defeating the implementation of the new code.)

    Code Pénal de Haïti, published in French on 2 July 2020, can be found here:

    In it, Articles 162-169, directed against "les ministres des cultes" (foreign Protestant preachers), disallows them from criticizing or fomenting discord against public authorities in either public speech or in written statements. Said punishment is a fine. Even worse, though, they can be jailed if proven to be beholden to a foreign authority. However, the false claim, as a false claim, that said Protestant preachers must perform same-sex weddings does indeed violate the law, as it foments discord, on their behalf, against public authorities. Foreigners in Haiti do not have free speech rights in Haiti.

    Besides, the subject of marriage itself, as well as anything pertaining to same-sex weddings, would be covered by the Code Civil, which is not up for review, rather than by the Code Pénal.

    Note: France decriminalized homosexuality in France and in all of its colonial possessions in 1792 during the French Revolution. At the time, Haiti was still a French colony, so the decriminalization law applied. Haiti then became independent in 1804, but has never bothered to alter the French law. In fact, when Haiti annexed the Spanish half of the island in 1822, homosexuality was decriminalized (and slavery was abolished) there, too. Although the Spanish half later re-asserted its separateness as Santo Domingo in 1844, and then its independence as the Dominican Republic in 1865, it too, has never bothered to alter the 1792 French law decriminalizing homosexuality.

  • 12. ianbirmingham  |  July 24, 2020 at 4:20 am

    TV Host Hala Samir on Muslim Brotherhood TV: Homosexuals Should Be Killed, Burned Alive, Thrown Off a High Place, or Stoned

    A Istanbul-based TV channel affiliated with the Egyptian extremist group Muslim Brotherhood has called for all homosexuals to be slaughtered.

    Watan TV host Hala Samir gave a monologue reminding viewers of a saying by the prophet Muhammed which orders the killing of homosexuals.

    “If you find men engaged in a homosexual act — kill the active one as well as the passive one. Don’t start asking: ‘Are you active or passive?’ Just kill both,” she said.

    Samir continued by saying that women who have sex with women are similarly condemned under Islamic law.

    “With regard to girls, people ask if the same ruling applies to lesbianism. The Islamic scholars have said unanimously that lesbianism is prohibited,” she said.

    “Some of them say, ‘I’m not homosexual, I’m gay.’ They want it to sound nice. No! You are a homosexual, a sodomite, and a lesbian.”

    Watan is one of several pro–Muslim Brotherhood TV stations used by the group to broadcast their ideas, news and leadership announcements.

    According to the Carnegie Middle East Centre, Egyptian authorities struggle to prevent them from broadcasting because most of the stations are based in Turkey.

  • 13. VIRick  |  July 24, 2020 at 1:53 pm

    Mexico City (CDMX) Bans Anti-LGBT "Conversion Therapy"

    Per el Congreso de la Ciudad de México:

    Hoy, el 24 de julio 2020, el pleno del Congreso de CDMX aprueba 49 votos a favor, 9 en contra, y 5 abstenciones, las reformas al Código Penal del Districto Federal para tipificar como delito las "terapias de conversión" que atenten contra el libre desarrollo de la personalidad e identidad sexual.

    Today, 24 July 2020, with 49 votes in favor, 9 against, and 5 abstentions, the plenary session of the CDMX Congress approved the reform to the Penal Code of the Federal District to criminalize "conversion therapies" that threaten against the free development of personality and sexual identity.

  • 14. VIRick  |  July 24, 2020 at 7:41 pm

    Baja California: Congress Committee Again Approves Marriage Equality

    Per LGBT Marriage News:

    Today, 24 July 2020, the Baja California state congress committee, GLyPC, once again voted 5-1 in favor (4 Morena and 1 PT in favor, 1 PRD against) of the marriage equality bill and constitutional amendment, sending it back to the full congress for another vote.

    Per Héctor R. Herrera:

    Se aprobó nuevamente en comisiones del Congreso de Baja California el dictamen sobre la iniciativa de ley del matrimonio igualitario en esa estado. La fecha tentativa para su votación en el pleno del Congreso sería el próximo viernes, el 31 de julio.

    The draft initiative of the marriage equality law in Baja California was again approved in committee in the Congress of Baja California. The tentative date for voting in the plenary session of Congress would be next Friday, 31 July.

  • 15. ianbirmingham  |  July 26, 2020 at 4:31 pm

    "Joint List" coalition of Israeli parties may break up due to differences over conversion therapy after Israeli legislature votes to ban it 42-36 with Joint List voting in favor of the ban, angering Israeli homophobes

    The Joint List has been embroiled in internal conflicts recently, following disagreements regarding the recent vote on the law banning psychologists from performing conversion therapy, which passed in a preliminary reading in the Knesset this week, Kan News reported on Saturday.

    After the list's chairman, Ayman Odeh, who belongs to the Hadash Party, voted in favor of the law, Ra'am Party leader Mansour Abbas said that the existence of the Joint List depends on the behavior of its members in the near future.

    Abbas further said that the electorate who voted for the list is angry at the support some of its members have shown for the law, and are demanding the dissolution of the list.

    The bill was drafted by Meretz leader MK Nitzan Horowitz and passed with the support of 42 MKs against 36 who opposed.

    Israel's two first LGBTQ ministers, Amir Ohana and Itzik Shmuli, supported the proposal as the coalition's vote was split, with Blue and White and Labor voting in favor, religious parties voting against, and the Likud Party having mixed votes.

    The results of the vote caused a crisis in the coalition, with the heads of the ultra-Orthodox parties sharply criticizing Blue and White and the Likud, and even declaring that they would consider their next political steps. Shas announced that party members would not participate in the plenum vote until further notice.

    The United Torah Judaism party convened an urgent faction meeting following the vote, in which they announced that they considered themselves "free from coalition obligations" and that they had decided to advance laws on matters of religion and state"

  • 16. ianbirmingham  |  July 26, 2020 at 5:02 pm

    Israeli MPs have taken steps to outlaw the practice of "gay conversion" therapy by psychologists – the first Middle East country to do so.

    A bill passed its first stage in parliament, after two parties in the coalition government joined the opposition to vote in favour.

    Last year, Israel's then-education minister endorsed the therapy, triggering a backlash.

    The bill risks a political crisis, with religious parties unhappy at the move.

    After the vote, the ultra-Orthodox United Torah Judaism (UTJ), which is part of the fragile national unity government, threatened to introduce bills which the centrist Blue and White – also a member of the government – would find objectionable.

    The bill must still pass two more readings before it becomes law.

  • 17. VIRick  |  July 26, 2020 at 7:34 pm

    Costa Rica: Two Months of Marriage Equality, 244 Marriages

    Per LGBT Marriage News:

    Durante los primeros dos meses del matrimonio igualitario, hubo 244 matrimonios entre dos hombres o dos mujeres que solicitaron su correspondiente inscripción ante las autoridades del Registro Civil. A la fecha, el Registro Civil completó la inscripción de 201 de esos 244 matrimonios. Hasta ahora, el Registro Civil no ha denegado ninguna solicitud de inscripción.

    Del total de solicitudes, 203 corresponden a uniones celebradas en nuestro país y 41 que se efectuaron en el extranjero, pero ahora desean que también sea reconocida en territorio nacional. A la fecha, predominan las uniones entre hombres, ya que 145 parejas están compuestas por este género, y 96 son matrimonios entre mujeres.

    De los matrimonios celebrados en el país, la mayoría su trámite de inscripción se solicitó en San José con 118 matrimonios, seguido de Alajuela con 35 y Heredia con 25. De los matrimonios celebrados en el extranjero la mayoría se realizaron en Estados Unidos con 21 uniones, luego Colombia con 8 y España con 5.

    During the first two months of marriage equality, there were 244 marriages between two men or two women requesting their corresponding registration before the authorities of the Civil Registry. To date, the Civil Registry has completed the registration of 201 of those 244 marriages. Until now, the Civil Registry has not denied any request for registration.

    Of the total number of requests, 203 correspond to unions celebrated in our country and 41 to those made abroad, but now also desire to be recognized on national territory. To date, unions between men predominate, since 145 couples are composed of this gender, and 96 are marriages between women.

    Of the marriages celebrated within the country, the largest number requested the processing of their registration in San José with 118 marriages, followed by Alajuela with 35 and Heredia with 25. Of the marriages celebrated abroad, the majority were carried out in the United States with 21 unions, then Colombia with 8 and Spain with 5.

  • 18. VIRick  |  July 26, 2020 at 8:49 pm

    Bolivia: Up-Date on Same-Sex Union Appeals Court Ruling

    Per LGBT Marriage News:

    In the unanimous appeals court ruling from the Second Constitutional Chamber of the La Paz Court of Justice.ordering the Civil Registry of Bolivia to recognize a foreign LGBT marriage as a free union, the Civil Registry has until tomorrow, 27 July 2020, to announce whether or not it will appeal. And if it does not appeal, it then needs to address the matter as to how it will implement the appeals court ruling.

    Because many interpret the Bolivian Constitution to contain a clause banning same-sex marriage, the court chose to rely on the fact that the same constitution specifically states that international treaties like the American Convention, as well as the CIDH marriage equality ruling, ones to which Bolivia has bound itself to adhere, take precedence over Bolivia's own constitution. In other words, according to this court's interpretation, the clause pertaining to the marriage ban is unconstitutional.

    This interpretation mirrors the one taken in Ecuador which, in effect, had also had a constitutional ban on same-sex marriage, a ban which was ultimately ruled unconstitutional, and for the same reasons, that international treaties like the American Convention and the CIDH marriage equality ruling, ones to which Ecuador had bound itself to adhere, take precedence over Ecuador's own constitution.

    In Bolivia, the court of first instance had originally ruled against the couple. This appeals court has now ruled in their favor. There is one level higher, the Constitutional Tribunal itself.

  • 19. sergiohernandez71  |  July 10, 2021 at 1:33 pm

    Se cuenta que en la ciudad de Saltillo, Coahuila, el fantasma de una mujer se manifiesta durante las noches en el centro histórico, pues en vida ella tuvo una lamentable historia, y ahora carga con el peso de una culpa que no puede olvidar, la aterradora historia de la conocida “Taconera” es la siguiente…

    Ver Leyendas de Saltillo en >>

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